110/2008 AL PARLAMENTULUI EUROPEAN ȘI AL CONSILIULUI din 15 ianuarie 2008, privind definirea, desemnarea, prezentarea, etichetarea și protecția indicațiilor geografice ale, băuturilor spirtoase și de abrogare a Regulamentului (CEE) nr. O pălincă bună e cea care armonizează tăria cu aroma fructului. Most of the brands re-categorized as spirit drinks, however, are cheap mixtures of flavorings, water, and rectified spirit.[7]. Pălincă şi poezie. In the 19th century, breweries and pálinka distilleries operated in tandem. Pălincă tradițională - de cazan mic. In the first step, the alcohol is extracted from the fermented mash; the result is called alszesz (low alcohol). Țuica reprezintă un simbol al ardelenilor și a fost atestată documentar în Bistrița, la 1386, într-un act maghiar de percepție fiscală sub numele de „cujka”. 1. - 13 medalii de aur (pălincă de afine, pălincă maturată pe pat de caise, pălincă maturată pe pat de struguri, pălincă de cireșe, pălincă de mere, pălincă de păducel, pălincă de mere Gold, pălincă de prune Lepotica cu Top Taste, pălincă de vișine, distilat de vin Merlot, pălincă de coarne, pălincă … Distillation in a pot still is considered to be the traditional way of distillation (kisüsti pálinka refers to a pálinka distilled in a pot still no bigger than 1000 litres). Se obține prin fermentarea și distilarea diverselor fructe. The second step in the production process is fermentation. The third step in the production process is distillation. Vor fi peste 20 de sortimente cu cea mai bună pălincă pe care o găsiți. OIV statistics place Romania fifth in Europe overall and tenth in the world for the area under vine. Legislation legalized small home distillers in 2010.[15]. The stronger type of Tuica is known as Palinca and usually comes from … This caused some confusion in neighbouring countries, as some claimed that producers of fruit spirits would have to pay a royalty to Hungary. Other fruits that are often used are sour cherries, apples, mulberries, and quince. Țuica este o băutură alcoolică tradițională românească obținută prin fermentarea și distilarea prunelor. One in four Romanians drink alcohol on a typical day, according to a recent GfK study that analyzes why, where, what, how and how often Romanians drink. Does Romania has any Special Alcohol that are worth buying? Pălinca românească cucerește Europa! The second distillation has the biggest influence on the quality of the pálinka and thus requires special skills. It is very popular among Romanians as, according to tradition,no meal may start without a shot of ţuică. In any given year 23 million people are dependent on alcohol across the continent. In Hungarian, the word Tótpálinka (literally 'Slavic pálinka') was used to refer to alcoholic drinks derived from wheat. The process is faster and cheaper than distillation in a pot still, and hence the resulting pálinka is cheaper. Romania population density is 78.9 people per square kilometer (204.5/mi 2) as of December 2020. User account menu. The stony seed is removed from the fruits that have such (e.g., cherry, apricot, plum) in order to prevent the cyanide contained in these seeds from ending up in the distillate. Puneți în față sticlele cu pălincă de la Potio Nobilis. Pălinca tradiționala de cazan mic, datorită fermentării și distilării dirijate, îmbuteliată, conține armonia fructelor produse în zona Nirajului si a Târnavelor. The first records of the Hungarian spirit date back to the fourteenth century (1332); called Aqua vitae reginae Hungariae, it referred to the aqua vitae of the wife of the King Charles I of Hungary. The fruit can be of the same sort used to obtain the distillate or of another sort. It is the brand "pálinka" that is protected by Hungarian and EU law, hence producers outside of Hungary are not allowed to use the brand "pálinka" for their products, but they are free to produce fruit spirits and sell them under different names. The production of Hungarian pálinka is regulated by local law LXXIII of 2008, often referred to as "pálinka law", which is based on the regulation of generic fruit spirits of the European Union. How alcohol was made was a mysterious enigma. The market is expected to grow annually by 5.7% (CAGR 2020-2025). Pálinka can be purchased throughout Hungary, sampled at restaurants, and ordered online. Filtrează ): Hagyományok, ízek, régiók, Alföldi Nyomda, 2000 (, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 21:23. [2], Palinca reprezintă 40% din consumul de băuturi spirtoase în România și 75% din exportul de acestea.[3]. Records show that Cistercian monks in Heves County were brewing beer and distilling pálinka in 1715. Ágyas ('bedded') is a pálinka aged for at least three months together with fruit. There are two kinds of alcohol, those that are fermented and those that are fermented and then distilled. The fermentation is carried out in an anaerobic environment. Barack (pronounced "baratsk") is a type of pálinka made of, Farnadi, Éva (ed. Based on 2016 data, with an area under vine of 191k hectares, Romania was similar in size to Chile and Portugal. There are two types of distillation processes used: in a pot still or in a column still. Ó ('old') is a pálinka aged for at least 12 months in a wooden cask smaller than 1000 litres, or for at least 24 months in a wooden cask of 1000 litres or above. Traditional pálinkas mixed with honey were also rebranded as szeszes ital (or liqueur if the sugar content exceeded the required limit), even if there were no unorthodox steps in the process of distillation. The középpárlat is the one that gives the body of the distillate. The most alcoholic pálinkas are (informally) referred to as kerítésszaggató in Hungarian, which literally means "fence-ripper" (referring to a drunkard's loss of balance) or "guggolós" ("squatter"), referring to the action required while walking near the windows of the houses of non-professional distillers to avoid getting invited (again) to taste their home-made pálinka. 1576/89 al Consiliului, Romulus Dascalu, presedintele Organizatiei Patronale a Industriei Alcoolului si Bauturilor Alcoolice - GARANT, 2002, Care este diferența esențială între țuică și pălincă. Liquor Laws-- You can buy alcohol practically anywhere in Romania; drinking is legal in most public spaces, including trains and sidewalks.The legal age for drinking is 18. f) folosirea la fabricarea pălincii a produselor îndulcitoare nu este permisă; h) folosirea la fabricarea pălincii a substanțelor aromatizante, preparatelor aromatizante, coloranților, alcoolului etilic de origine agricolă sau a distilatului de origine agricolă, nu este permisă; j) concentrația alcoolică minimă este de 40% vol. Normele privind definirea, descrierea, prezentarea și etichetarea băuturilor tradiționale românești[5] definesc între alte băuturi românești și Pălinca: Pălinca este o băutură alcoolică tradițională românească obținută exclusiv prin fermentarea alcoolică și distilarea unui fruct cărnos sau a unui amestec de fructe ori a unui marc de fructe, sau a unui suc din acest fruct ori dintr-un amestec de fructe, în prezența sau în lipsa sâmburilor: REGULAMENTUL (CE) NR. There are other kinds of brandy which also fall into this category such as Visinata, a sour cherry brandy & Rachiu de pere, a pear brandy. This is more than the population of Romania. De ce este incorect să spui țuică de prune: „E ca și cum ai spune țuică de prune de prune”, Ordin nr. The others drinks prepared from fruits, cereals, etc. “Pălinca” or “ţuica” is a beverage of at least 50% alcohol, obtained through fruit fermentation and double distillation, without additional sugar, synthetic aromas, colorants, alcohol or other ingredients. Comanda telefonic la: 0735 522 442. Instalatia de fierbere si distilare tip cazan mic, reunește tradiţia şi tehnologia modernă a zilelor noastre. Cider/perry was the standout growth category as consumption habits in Romania aligned more closely with those in Western countries, aided by new flavours and product packaging. While pálinka has PDO on its own, some regions of Hungary are especially suitable for the production of certain fruits, and pálinka of excellent quality has been produced in those regions for centuries. A relative will be in Romania for 4 weeks, this summer. So, you might use țuică in your searches online. Pălincă is a twice or thrice distilled version of Țuică. The larger scale production of distillates, pálinka and liqueurs from 1799 resulted in guidelines being drawn up for distillation, and the priority rights granted to landowners were made law. In the second step, the taste of the fruit is extracted from the fermented mash. Tuica—or Romanian plum brandy—is fermented and distilled plums. Dried fruits are excluded from the mash only, and may be used in the aging process. Wine The story of the Romanian wine industry is a long and complicated one. These local variations are protected as separate geographical indications and have their own well-detailed regulations. Érlelt ('aged') is a pálinka aged for at least three months in a wooden cask smaller than 1000 litres, or for at least six months in a wooden cask of 1000 litres or above. Cum se prepară cea mai bună licoare din țară, renumită și-n Japonia, Secretele pălincii din Țara Oașului țin de calitatea solului, dar și de legendă și ritual, Țuica de Zalău, „moneda de schimb” care a deschis uși, a cumpărat bunăvoință și a ținut generații de tineri în facultate, https://ro.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Palincă&oldid=13356822, Creative Commons cu atribuire și distribuire în condiții identice, c) având un conținut în substanțe volatile mai mare sau egal cu 200 de grame la. Some fruits, like quince, require an additive to start the fermentation process (e.g., citric acid). There are essentially two kinds of soup in Romania, ciorba (chore-buh) and supa (soup-ah), both of which are extremely nutrient-rich, “thin” mostly liquid broths with only a small percentage of solid ingredients. Commercially available pálinka is always distilled in one of the registered distilleries. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Romania. Not all varieties of pálinka can be aged in wooden casks because the wood can cancel the fruity taste of the drink. To 100 liters of pálinka at least 10 kg of ripe or 5 kg of dried fruit must be added. The word pálinka became widespread in Hungary in the 17th century, but it still referred to distillates made from grain. Also the term "palincă" for strong "ţuica" is not agreed by the official n… 368/2008 pentru aprobarea Normelor privind definirea, descrierea, prezentarea și etichetarea băuturilor tradiționale românești, Pălinca, „țuica diplomaților“. Therefore over time I began to understand how it was done. la comercializarea pentru consum; k) depozitarea, păstrarea și învechirea produsului se realizează în vase din lemn, inox sau din. The “pălinca” aroma comes from the fruits from which is made and the percentage of alcohol is the result of fruit fermentation. However, if you are a true Romanian then your family probably makes their own at home. Palincă. Ultima editare a paginii a fost efectuată la 12 aprilie 2020, ora 00:39. It was not long before a pálinka tax was introduced, and by 1850 distillation was a state monopoly. The number of liters of alcohol consumed per capita in Romania increased during the period concerned, from 8.8 liters per capita in 2003 reaching 9.1 liters per capita in 2011. The words pálinka (in Hungarian), pálenka (Polish, Czech and Slovak) and pălincă (Romanian) derive from the Slavonic stem paliti, 'to burn, to distill'. Posted by 3 years ago. The use of wheat was banned, and distillation was forbidden on religious holidays. Protected as a geographical indication of the European Union, only fruit spirits mashed, distilled, matured and bottled in Hungary, and similar apricot spirits from four provinces of Austria can be called "pálinka", while "Tótpálinka" refers to wheat-derived beverages. Nonetheless, keep in mind that Tuica is actually a plum brandy, and the percentage of alcohol in it can differ between 23 and 80%. These potent, home-made, házi (home-made) pálinkas are commercially available in small portions and are very common in the countryside. Private distilleries and factories started to appear towards the end of the eighteenth century, which led to legislation and to the introduction of a pálinka tax. If served too cold, the smell and the taste will be difficult to appreciate. For a fruit to be suitable for jam production it has to contain some sugar. In order to use these protected names on the label, strict geographical and technical requirements must be met. Diferența dintre țuică și pălincă constă în faptul că țuica se produce doar din prune. Ţuică is a traditional Romanian alcoholic beverage, usually made from plums. The last step in the process is aging. Pálinka as a geographical indication (in other terms, a product with protected designation of origin or PDO) has been officially registered in the European Union since 2004. Sprijin pentru producătorii de pălincă din România O propunere care să vină în sprijinul producătorilor de pălincă din România, va fi făcută de ministrul Finanțelor, Eugen Teodorovici, la Bruxelles, cu prilejul ședinței consiliului miniștrilor de finanțe din Europa, care va avea loc în a doua jumătate a lunii mai. Distilling itself was the right of landowners, and laws were introduced to prevent peasants from making pálinka at home. I'm not sure what drinks are made in Romania, but I'm looking for a bottle of spirit type drink or poss liqueur type - not beer or wine.Something enjoyable and local. Țuică is a traditional Romanian spirit that contains ~ 24–65% alcohol by volume, prepared only from plums. Does Romania has any Special Alcohol that are worth buying? Some fruits (e.g., apple, pear, quince) are ground in order to make the mash soft. Comenius described the equipment used to make pálinka in Orbis sensualium pictus ("The World in Pictures"), his famous book written for children in the Hungarian town of Sárospatak. Se obține prin fermentarea și distilarea diverselor fructe. 5 10 15 20 World Health Organization, 2018 Alcohol per capita (15+) consumption (in litres of pure alcohol) 2010* 2016* Recorded 11.0 10.4 Unrecorded 4.0 2.2 It is illegal to drive a car after drinking any amount of alcohol. Some brands are 20–30% alcohol, but many are closer to 55–60% alcohol … Diferența dintre țuică și pălincă constă în faptul că țuica se produce doar din prune. Pălincă is tyipcally made in Transilvania (Carpathian Valley Region), but is enjoyed across Romania. Pálinka, Hungarian fruit brandy, is a strong alcoholic beverage appreciated for its potency, flavor, and fragrance. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Romania divided by total area of the country. In 1920, there were 260 pálinka distilleries in Hungary, a figure that grew to 1,070 in 1970 before falling back down to 815 in 1982. Other spirits that are produced from other fruit or from a cereal grain are called "rachiu" or "rachie". Tratatul de Aderare a Ungariei la UE (2004) menționează că „rachiul de fructe poate fi denumit Pálinka numai pentru băutura spirtoasă produsă în Ungaria și pentru distilatele de piersici produse numai în următoarele zone ale Austriei: Niederösterreich, Burgenland, Steiermark și Viena”. Some people make their own pálinka, and festivals in Budapest and throughout Hungary celebrate pálinka as one of the country's favorite beverages. Despite this, the church still oversaw alcohol production. The ideal temperature for the fermentation process is between 14–16 °C (57–61 °F), and the process takes between 10 and 15 days. The quality of pálinka is largely influenced by the quality of the fruit used, hence the distiller has to choose good quality fruit with a rich taste. Illegal home distilling became popular in the 18th century when peasant breweries were shut down. In Hungary, only these local variations are referred to as pálinka with protected designations of origin. The relatively narrow neck of the glass concentrates the "nose" released from the larger surface at the bottom of the glass, magnifying the smell of the drink. Pálinka made from chestnuts or walnuts is also available. În 2002, Ungaria a solicitat Uniunii Europene înregistrarea ca băutură națională a mărcii Pálinka, astfel putând să fie produsă exclusiv în Ungaria. 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