The first species ever discovered … It is also used as a stimulant. Introduction To Herbal Therapeutics (Clinical Herbalism), Professional Family Herbalist - Starter Bundle. Vachellia xanthophloea is a tree in the family Fabaceae, commonly known in English as the fever tree. The common nickname for this strain of Acacia came from the historic use of the plant when treating fevers. We buy our Acacia xanthophloea from a native woman who sells medicinal plants in a small market in South Africa. The tree is also used to produce wood used … George Harvey Vachell (1798-1839), chaplain to the British East India Company in Macao from 1825 to 1836, and … Vachellia erioloba. Vachellia xanthophloea (Acacia xanthophloea) is in the Expanded Monograph processing cue. The wood is hard and heavy and is used as timber and the bark is used for treating fevers and eye complaints. We met her through a friend who is a strong supporter of special plants in South Africa. The flowers produce lots of nectar and pollen for bee-farming and the honey has a pleasant flavour. An icon of the South African veld, Vachellia karroo is a popular choice among local gardeners as a pavement tree or as a shade tree in larger gardens. xanthophloea was selected for the study because of the economic role it plays in apiculture, its firewood and timber, ornamental, and medicinal uses, and its use when curbing soil erosion and rehabilitation of limestone quarries in Kenya (Orwa et al., 2009, Gathuru, 2011). The gum is used as an aphrodisiac, to treat diarrhoea, as an emollient, and to treat hemorrhaging, inflammation of the eye, intestinal ailments, and rhinitis. Our research also aimed at evaluating whether … Acacia farnesiana is a deciduous Shrub growing to 9 m (29ft 6in) at a fast rate. Wood [3] It is one of the few trees where photosynthesis takes place in the bark. Bark from this tree and four other herbs including Silene capensis (African dream root) and Synaptolepis kirkii are boiled into a brew. The valuable timber of Vachellia xanthophloea is pale reddish brown with a hard, heavy texture, and, because it is liable to crack, it should be seasoned before use. It has also become a landscape tree in other warm climates, outside of its natural range. Spreading with a High … Genus. Vachellia seyal is, along with other Vachellias, an important source for gum arabic, a natural polysaccharide, that exudes from damaged stems and solidifies. [3], Fever trees are fast growing and short lived. Synonyms. [8], Vachellia xanthophloea is found growing near swamps, riverine forests or on lake shores, in semi-evergreen bush land and woodland where there is a high groundwater table. As the pods mature they change colour from green to pale greyish brown. The gum of Vachellia seyal is called gum talha, from the Arabic name of the tree: (Talh). Everything you need to know about Fever Tree (Vachellia xanthophloea), including propagation, ideal conditions and common pests and problems. Like other acacias and Fabaceae it is a nitrogen fixer, so improves soil fertility. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and … [12], These trees are immortalized by Rudyard Kipling in one of his Just So Stories, "The Elephant's Child", wherein he repeatedly refers to "the great grey-green, greasy Limpopo River, all set about with fever-trees. They have a tendency to occur as single-aged stands, and are subject to stand-level diebacks that have been variously attributed to elephants, water tables, and synchronous senescence. Vachellia karroo is a useful and widespread tree in Africa. Uses Other uses. This is taken to induce lucid dreams, which they call "white paths". 188. Sweet Thorn Acacia. (Pea, bean or legume family). These kingdoms and tribes used acacia in surprisingly diverse ways, from making desserts to treating hemorrhoids. Traditional Medicinal Uses of Vachellia xanthophloea Indications: Administered to people only. This species of Vachellia is native to eastern and southern Africa.It can be found in Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, … [3] The gum is part of the diet of the Senegal bushbaby (Gallinago senegalensis) especially in the dry season. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). It differs from other Acacia species in the color of the bark of its trunk which has a yellowish to greenish color and in its fruits, which are … It can fix Nitrogen. Although so far, it has only been found in a few gardens and not in the "wild". Vachellia xanthophloea is often planted as a source of firewood, but its gummy sap leaves a thick, black, tarlike residue when burnt. RSA Tree No. Medicinal properties Traditional medicines use the bark of the fever tree for treating fevers and eye infections, and the roots are powdered up for the treatment of malaria. Vachellia xanthophloea is often planted as a source of firewood, but its gummy sap leaves a thick, black, tarlike residue when burnt. The act further requires that all sightings of Vachellia xanthophlea are to be reported to the appropriate authorities within 24 hours and that within Queensland everyone is obliged to take all reasonable and practical steps to minimise the risk of Vachellia xanthophlea spreading until they have received advice from an authorised officer. Strelitzia 13. Vachellia xanthophloea (Benth.) [3], A fever tree planted outside of its natural range at Ilanda Wilds, "Fever tree" redirects here. 189. [3], The leaves and pods are used to provide food for livestock while the young branches and foliage are eaten by African elephants while giraffe and vervet monkeys eat the pods and leaves. Camel Thorn. The characteristic bark is smooth, powdery and greenish yellow, although new twigs are purple, flaking later to reveal the characteristic yellow. they are used in the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery, and can also be helpful in cases of internal bleeding. Acacia xanthophloea (Fever tree, Sulfur bark, African thorn tree) is a spiny medium-sized tree, erect, with an open crown that reaches a height of 25 m and a diameter of 60 cm at breast height. Common names: Fever tree, Fever-tree Acacia, Koorsboom, Sulphur bark. This is an ecologically and economically important species as almost all of its parts, including bark, pods, seeds, leaves and thorns, are extremely useful to both … If you want to add it to the cue, or if you can provide any additional information, photos or reliable use records of this muthi plant, please leave a comment below, or in The Muthi Flora of southern Africa Facebook group.. With a rounded crown that is often wider than it is tall. [11] It is also a "declared pest" in Western Australia. Vachellia karroo. Acacia xanthophloea. Gus, the African Plant Hunter , looks at the pharmaceutical uses of three compounds found in the bark extracts of this well-known African tree: catechins, … Gum. It measures 59 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 138 inches and a crown spread of 35 feet. The timber is used to make poles … Banfi & Galasso: 1 Medicinal plant reference(s) include this non-scientific name: Medicinal plant references: Scientific names as used in medicinal reference: MPNS matched … and Pottas-Bircher, C. (2002). The Fever Tree has also been used as medicine for eye complaints. Medicinally, the roots and a powder made from bark stripped from the trunk are used as an emetic and as a prophylactic against malaria. T.H., Prentice, C.A., Hawker, L.C., Snyman, E.E., Tomalin, M., Crouch, N.R. Oct 22, 2018 - Acacia xanthophloea (presently Vachellia xanthophloea) - Fever tree Plant List. "[13], This tree has been used for thousands of years by African tribes as a divination tool. Vachellia karroo, the Sweet Thorn, is, in cultivation, a medium to large single stemmed, deciduous tree. Related plants. Previous Name: Acacia songwensis. Traditionally used as a medicine to treat high cholesterol, diabetes, cancer, gingivitis, mouth sores and pharyngitis. Vachellia spp. [3], In Australia, Vachellia xanthophlea is a prohibited invasive plant in the state of Queensland under the Biosecurity Act 2014, under which it must not be given away, sold, or released into the environment without a permit. Acacia has been used in medicines, baking ingredients, tools, and woodwork for centuries. Applied externally, often as a wash, they are used to treat wounds and other skin problems, haemorrhoids, perspiring feet, some eye … [10], Vachellia xanthophloea are planted next to dams and streams on farms to control soil erosion, as a live fence or hedge and in ornamental planting for shade and shelter in amenity areas. MEDICINAL: The powdered roots and stem are used to treat fevers, headaches (the bark contains traces of quinine) and eye infections. (LC) According to the Red List of South African plants, Vachellia xanthophloea is not threatened and is assessed as Least Concern (LC). It has a long history in civilizations as ancient as the Egyptians and the aboriginal tribes of Australia. Root decoctions are used to alleviate stomach complaints. Due to increasing encroachment in its natural habitat, there is increasing pressure on this beautiful tree. Straight, white spines grow from the branch nodes in pairs. Vachellia seyal occasionally hybridizes with V. xanthophloea. ; Use the Plant Filters on the side or bottom to narrow down the plant list by Flower colour, Plant type, etc. Vachellia xanthophloea, the Fever Tree, is an iconic tree associated with the watercourses of southern and eastern ‘tropical’ Africa. It is in flower from February to March. Echinacea: We all know Echinacea as it is recommended by many … The leaves are twice compound, with small leaflets (8 mm × 2 mm (0.3 in × 0.1 in)). We have an extensive database of Indigenous plants to help you find the perfect addition to your garden. Description. Astringents are often used medicinally - taken internally, for example. Tree Characteristics. Medicinal Use & Construction. The bark is used as a good luck charm and it is used medicinally, mixed with dried roots to treat malaria and to treat fevers and eye complaints and the bark is rolled into small balls and chewed for a cough and sore throat. [2] This species of Vachellia is native to eastern and southern Africa (Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, Eswatini, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe). It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Use the Plant Search at the top to search for a specific plant by title or keyword. Traditional Medicinal Uses of … The valuable timber of Vachellia xanthophloea is pale reddish brown with a hard, heavy texture, and, because it is liable to crack, it should be seasoned before use. Family: Fabaceae. (Pea, bean or legume family). Quick Links: Monograph Library | Advanced Monograph Search, Copyright © 2004 – 2020 All Rights Reserved, Swaziland (S), Limpopo Province (LIM), Mpumalanga Province (M), KwaZulu-Natal Province (KZN). Medicinally the bark is used for treating fevers and eye complaints. Arnold. The fever tree – Vachellia xanthophloea. In addition 30 species of larger moths have been recorded as feeding on this tree. In seasonally flooded areas it often forms dense single species stands. Medicinal A decoction of the bark is used to treat indigestion and sickle cell anaemia It can be used alone as a feature tree, or grown to … Family: Fabaceae or Leguminosae. [4][5][6][7], The name xanthophloea is derived from Greek and means "yellow bark" (ξανθός "yellow, golden"; φλοιός "bark"). Acacia Xanthophloea: Other names for this plant are Vachellia Xanthophloea or the Fever tree. Root decoctions … Applied in a magical sense. Tanning It is used to ward off arthritis and bronchitis. Vachellia xanthophloea is a tree in the family Fabaceae and is commonly known in English as the fever tree (local East African names include olerai, kimwea, murera, and mwelele). The trees grow to a height of 15–25 m (49–82 ft). The flowers are used for foraging by bees and provides favoured nesting sites for birds. Indications: Administered to people only. For other uses, see, "Phylogenetic position and revised classification of, "The Macrolepidoptera Fauna of Acacia in the Kenyan Rift Valley (Part 1)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vachellia_xanthophloea&oldid=984934213, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 23:47. Fever-Tree Acacia, Israeli babool, Haak-en-steek family Fabaceae, commonly known in English as the tree. Processing cue Acacia xanthophloea from a native woman who sells medicinal plants in a gardens. 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