night and shift work. This Construction Night Works Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS) covers hazards and controls asociated with general construction tasks at night, including transporting and receiving deliveries of equipment/materials onto a construction site. Taking extra precautions during temporary traffic control helps workers and motorists alike. some possible hazards that may be encountered while operating the EWP, and . © Copyright GoContractor 2020. Figure 1. (includes potential hazards and control measures), Risk Assessment Matrix | Hierarchy of Controls | PPE Requirements | Emergency Response, FREE Current OHS Legislation & Codes of Practice Reference List (Value $9.95). The processes described in this section will help employers prevent and control hazards identified in the previous section. Circadian rhythms regulate body temperature, metabolism, digestion, blood pressure, secretion of adrenaline, sleeping and waking. Examples include: Hard hats, High Visibility etc. 2.2 Overview of Night work 2.2.1 Definition of Night work. Trenching and excavation work presents serious hazards to all workers involved. Working With Non Powered and Powered Access Hire Equipment. Effective communication and co-operation between the various parties undertaking the work and all those affected by the work are essential. fall arrest systems, safety nets and air bags. For work-related driving, it's the steps that people in your organization take to prevent crashes. Working With Non Powered and Powered Access Hire Equipment. Step 4 - Review control measures - Watch and review the control measures over time, to understand how they are performing and whether or not they need to … 1.2 Hand arm vibration (HAV) is a potential hazard for employees who work with hand held tools, hand guided machinery or feed work by hand to a machine where She specializes in communicating how implementing tech in construction can drive productivity and profit. Sometime excavation is mixed up with another term ‘trench’ but technically both terms are not identical such as: Tr… Companies that promote it in […] read more, Take a look at how GOCONTRACTOR can save you thousands of hours. STEP FOUR MEASURES TO CONTROL THE RISKS Hierarchy of controls 15 Length of shifts and working hours 15 ... minimise the hazards of shift work and extended working hours. This must be achieved by proper planning of … Confined Space Hazards and Control Measures Confined Space Hazards and Control Measures. Managers and supervisors should learn to recognize signs and symptoms of the potential health effects associated with night shifts. Following are . H H M. NO COMPANY NAME: OCONNOR RECLAMATION. 2.2 Overview of Night work 2.2.1 Definition of Night work. Don’t hang cloth or any material on electrical equipment. For work-related driving, it's the steps that people in your organization take to prevent crashes. The principal control measures or the safety precautions for the electrical hazards contained in the statutory precautionary requirements covered by Electricity at Work Regulations. This Construction Night Works Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS) covers hazards and controls asociated with general construction tasks at night, including transporting and receiving deliveries of equipment/materials onto a construction site. Step 4 - Review control measures - Watch and review the control measures over time, to understand how they are performing and whether or not they need to … Workers in construction, painting and decorating, window cleaning and maintenance are the most likely to be working at height on a regular basis. The following table provides examples of control measures for a range of generic physical hazards. Hazard Ref. GoContractor Inc, 300 Park Avenue New York 10022. • Minimize caffeine at night to help you sleep during the day. Physical hazards are some of the most common hazards, and they show up in the workplace too often. Night Work of the possible control measures that may be used. Night shifts are often not very popular as they can be inconvenient to most lifestyles. This is to identify any hazards and implement control measures to reduce them. some. some. Of course, these situations are associated with a certain amount of risk. Administrative controls, (such as reducing the length of time the worker is required to work in a noisy area), and the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) are measures that control … Below outlines common excavation hazards & control measures that can protect workers from cave-ins and other hazards. Reviewing control measures. These rhythmical processes form the body’s internal clock and are coordinated so as to allow for high activity during the day and low activity at night. Caffeine may provide increased temporary wakefulness, but general caffeine. Therefore, it’s important that you are aware of the risks and hazards welding poses, and understand what precautions you can take to protect yourself. Below outlines common excavation hazards & control measures that can protect workers from cave-ins and other hazards. According to health and safety authorities every individual employer must undertake a risk assessment test to measure the risks when working at night and if it is possible for the worker to be working at night in the first place. As you wander about during your work day, you’ll probably come across one or more of these problem areas. Simply add your company details and read the document to ensure all details are relevant to your business. Excavation Hazards and Control Measures Site excavation is a necessary part of many construction projects, but can be an extremely dangerous job if workers are poorly trained, if the proper safety regulations are not followed, or if the construction company employer or supervisor are … Explain the hazards and risks of working at height and the general requirements necessary to control them. For example, working on scaffolding presents entirely different hazards to working with asbestos. When looking at ergonomic issues that cannot be eliminated or substituted, engineering controls are the most desirable way to control hazards… Company Number 61-1751295. Here are some recommended measures: • Maintain strict sleep schedule, make sleep a priority. Personal Protective Equipment – Introduce PPE to increase protection and when other measures are not practical. Working at height may include work on roof, using ladders or any access platform such as scaffolds or lifting equipment. general construction tasks at night, including transporting and receiving deliveries of equipment/materials onto a construction site. • During night: eat small protein-rich meals, avoid fats and sugars. Night shifts are a fact of life for many companies and employees. If at remote sites, ensure, as far as possible, that there is a quiet, secluded area designated for rest and recuperation. This SWMS covers High-Risk Construction Work (HRCW) controls related to: Additional controls are included for Slips, Trips & Falls, Out-of-Hours/Night Work, Hazardous Manual Tasks, Outdoor Work & Environmental Considerations. Review safe systems of work to ensure they take into account night and work The Shift Manager will review existing safe systems of work for specific activities to ensure that they have adequately addressed the additional psychological and physiological hazards. Welding operations present several hazards to both those undertaking the activity and others in the vicinity. 2nd Floor, 29 / 31 William St S, Dublin, D02 EY96. can eliminate some workplace hazards and help get a job done safely and properly. INTRODUCTION: Work in repeated changing shifts, in general, and night-shifts, in particular, is considered a necessity, encompassing many professions, among them physicians and nurses. Night Work James E. Bryden, PE Jbryden@nycap.rr.com Stephanie G. Pratt Spratt@cdc.gov. Of course, these situations are associated with a certain amount of risk. What is a Confined Space? Working At Height: Hazards and Control Measures. Welding Safety Hazards. Learn more about reviewing control measures in Chapter 5 how to review controls. As a hazard is “ anything that could cause injury, damage, or loss of production”, … The control measures for management of temporary works include: Communication and Co-operation. The most effective control measure is one that completely eliminates the risk of a hazard. fall arrest systems, safety netting or air mats. What is Excavation: An excavation as any man-made cut, cavity, trench, or depression in the earth’s surface formed by earth removal. Outline the control measures necessary to protect other persons not involved in the work at height. For example, the Canadian Center for Occupational Health […] read more, There’s no denying it: “The world needs strong women. Slip & Trip. The control measures can either be designed to reduce the risks or eliminate them completely, with the latter obviously being preferred. The following safety information will provide you with training on assessing hazards that could lead to a MSI and instruct on implementing control measures to prevent a MSI. The presence of hazardous substances or health hazards should become apparent during the original survey work and, when possible, removed or suitable control measures adopted. Risk control measures are actions that are taken in response to a risk factor that has the potential to cause accident or harm in the workplace. Any slip, trip, or fall hazards. Regulation 155: Night work risk assessment 155. Some hazards and their controls will be specifically outlined in legislation. According to Derek Simpson (2005), night work is defined as a 7 hour period which includes that between midnight and 5am, usually 11pm to 6am. To effectively control and prevent hazards, employers should: Involve workers, who often have the best understanding of the conditions that create hazards … Eye injury due to dust and flying particle. The Occupational Safety and Health Association (OSHA) states that “workers generally will not acclimate to night work, and sleep patterns will generally be disrupted so the non-work periods do not provide full recovery, resulting in sleep deprivation.”. Step 3 - Control risks - Implement control measures which reduce the likelihood and severity of the risk, in a practical and feasible way. Depending on the nature of the job, there may be hazards associated with night shift work. Exposure Control Administrative – Also referred to as Management or Work Practice Controls, these are changes to the way people work. FORMS. Any task that requires lone working or working in confined spaces. Before start of work at height, toolbox talk must be conducted to make aware all involved persons about identified hazards, risk and control measures. • Drink water at night even though you are not in the sun. some possible hazards that may be encountered while operating the EWP, and . Note also Working At Height: Hazards and Control Measures. Job Steps Covered in Construction Night Works SWMS: Traffic Management Plan (Construction) 20289-1, Construction OHS/WHS Management System AS/NZS ISO 45001 (Principal/Subcontractor) 50240-4. Outline the particular control measures … A hazard control system is an organized set of measures or methods applied to eliminate or minimize exposure to hazards. Any such hazards found after work has started must be reported and noted in the inspection report and remedial measures taken. Risk control measures are actions that are taken in response to a risk factor that has the potential to cause accident or harm in the workplace. Anyone who normally works at least 3 hours of their working day during this night period is classed as a night … Engineering Controls. What are the dangers of trenching and excavation operations? EWP HAZARDS AND CONTROLS . To read more from this article, please visit Health And Safety International: Working at Height Hazards and Control Measures. Ensure all employees are aware of the dangers coming to and from work due to fatigue – advise on carpools/public transport/taxis; Ensure the site is well lit at night as workers should not be allowed to work in the dark; Allow workers to have regular rests throughout their shift Outline the control measures necessary to protect other persons not involved in the work at height. Before starting the job ensure proper House keeping. Moving objects. Working at height may include work on roof, using ladders or any access platform such as scaffolds or lifting equipment. The control measures can either be designed to reduce the risks or eliminate them completely, with the latter obviously being preferred. Company registered in US. Implemented noise control measures should be reviewed regularly and if necessary revised, to make sure they work as planned. Induction Manager Ltd t/a GoContractor. It will describe measures employers and employees can take at work to reduce any adverse effects of night or shift work. Company registered in Ireland. A good example would be replacing a work at height task with another task that is performed at ground level. According to Derek Simpson (2005), night work is defined as a 7 hour period which includes that between midnight and 5am, usually 11pm to 6am. All Rights Reserved. This guide will increase your understanding of night and shift work and its potential impact on health and safety. Examples include: o enclosures, o barriers, o guarding, o baffles, and o relocation. of the possible control measures that may be used. Check for any additional hazards not already covered and make amendments to your SWMS as necessary. As a hazard is “ anything that could cause injury, damage, or loss of production”, … The top ten risks and hazards from working on construction sites are: Working at height. Frayed electrical cords, unguarded machinery, exposed moving parts, vibrations, and working from ladders, scaffolding, or heights. Here are series of action that should be taken to manage all the hazards associated with work at height. Working at Height Hazards and Control Measures ... Where the risk of falls cannot be prevented, work equipment or other measures to minimise the distance and consequences of a fall (should one occur) need to be provided, e.g. Safe Work Australia Contact Information Phone 1300 551 832 | Email info@swa.gov.au | Web www.swa.gov.au 978-17602937 PF 978-1760244 [DOCX] This Information Sheet provides advice on the hazards and control measures associated with work on existing roofs, including working at height, roof access, fragile roofs, electricity, Dust. Use and maintenance of equipment with specific risks • Some pieces of work equipment involve specific risks to health and safety where it is not possible to control adequately the hazards by physical measures alone, for example the use of a bench-mounted circular saw or … Construction hazards are heavily dependent on the type of construction work that is being carried out. Alcohol within 1 to 2 hours of bedtime can also lead to disrupted sleep patterns. These examples are provided as a guide only and important site specific factors must also be considered. Any employee showing such signs should be evaluated and possibly directed to leave the active area and seek rest. Please take care and caution and follow these safe work procedures to prevent you from injury: For the purposes of section 16(2)(a) of the 1997 Act, an employer shall carry out, in compliance with section 19 of the Act, a risk assessment, taking account of— (a) the specific effects and hazards of night work, and This SWMS is intended for use as an attachment, to be used in addition to the relevant SWMS for the specific work being conducted on a construction site during daylight hours. This will guide the process of drawing out adequate control measures for work at height activity. Dust and fumes. Where this is not practicable, measures should be taken to minimize the distance and consequence of any fall, e.g. Outline the particular control measures … Layout of trench. fall arrest systems, safety nets and air bags. Working unusual hours has a huge effect on both your mental and physical health. and/or of wakefulness at inappropriate times is a hazard of shift work. This can be possible by using extendable tools. Electrical Safety Control Measures: A competent and experienced person shall be allowed to do electrical jobs. You need to describe the control measures which will be used to protect people, animals, plants and other aspects of the environment from exposure to biological agents and hazards in the work. To set a workable work at height control measures, proper work at height risk assessment should be carried out. There are many instances when an employee will be required to work at heights. Noise. This type of work has been shown to adversely affect the normal function of the human body circadian rhythm. be able to accommodate changes in work activities and progression of construction; ensure the safety of people so that hazards are visible and well lit; take types of work task into account; create a suitable lit work environment; provide a safe and comfortable visual environment. Slips, trips, and falls. Scaffold hazards and control measures It’s estimated that over half of all scaffold accidents in Ontario every year are falls. Additional control Premature collapse of the structure being demolished. Explain safe working practices for access equipment and roof work. NCHRP 17-17 GUIDELINES FOR DESIGN AND OPERATION OF NIGHTTIME TRAFFIC CONTROL FOR HIGHWAY MAINTENANCE AND CONSTRUCTION THE LAST RESOURCE Jim Bryden Doug Mace. night and shift work. 9.3.3. Your Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS) is then ready for use and as a point of reference at OHS Toolbox Talk meetings. While you were sleeping Hazards special report, summer 2009 . There are many instances when an employee will be required to work at heights. Use Proper PPE with Nose Mask. Warning monitors are competent personnel assigned to keep others away from a fall hazard, and they should only be utilized when all other means of fall protection are not possible. can eliminate some workplace hazards and help get a job done safely and properly. Plan to have an adequate number of personnel available to enable workers to take breaks, eat meals, relax, and sleep. Engineering – The workplace is designed to physically isolate people from the hazards. While convenient to use, scaffolds can pose serious risks if proper precautions and working at heights control measures aren’t observed. hbspt.cta.load(6063336, '86079b35-fece-4ca4-b961-3b53b01ea8c9', {}); Sonya is the Brand Strategy Manager at GoContractor. Site excavationis a necessary part of many construction projects, but can be an extremely dangerous job if workers are poorly trained, if the proper safety regulations are not followed, or if the construction company employer or supervisor are in any way negligent. 1.2 Hand arm vibration (HAV) is a potential hazard for employees who work with hand held tools, hand guided machinery or feed work by hand to a machine where Anyone who normally works at least 3 hours of their working day during this night period is classed as a night … Working at Height- Fall Hazards and Risk Control Measures Falls from height are the most common cause of fatal injury and the second most cause of common cause of major injuries to employees. values, measures and adequate controls to ensure the risk of persons suffering harm from vibration is eliminated, minimised or adequately controlled must be implemented. A traffic management plan is usually required to outline the traffic hazards, and specify the measures needed for traffic control. Therefore, it is imperative that employers are aware of the risks and employees have received the proper worksite safety training to cope with night shifts. Physical Hazard Identification and Control Table Owner: Health, Wellbeing and Safety . Regulation 155: Night work risk assessment 155. values, measures and adequate controls to ensure the risk of persons suffering harm from vibration is eliminated, minimised or adequately controlled must be implemented. 9.3.3. For the purposes of section 16(2)(a) of the 1997 Act, an employer shall carry out, in compliance with section 19 of the Act, a risk assessment, taking account of— (a) the specific effects and hazards of night work, and In all cases, the employer has a duty of due diligence and is responsible for 'taking all reasonable precautions, under the particular circumstances, to prevent injuries or accidents in the workplace'.. Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS) Templates, Construction Night Works SWMS | Safe Work Method Statement. Save time with our content-rich, fully editable Safe Work Method Statements (SWMS). Handling of electrical equipment or switchgear shall not be done with wet hand or body. Call us on 1300 306 604, send us a message via live chat or click the link below. The processes described in this section will help employers prevent and control hazards identified in the previous section. To read more from this article, please visit Health And Safety International: Working at Height Hazards and Control Measures. Workers who are being asked to work night shifts should be diligently monitored for the signs and symptoms of fatigue. Following are . Trenching and excavation work presents serious hazards to all workers involved. The human body has follows a daily rhythm which is known as ‘circadian rhythms’. However, the basic Before start of work at height, toolbox talk must be conducted to make aware all involved persons about identified hazards, risk and control measures. By recognising the most likely hazards surrounding this kind of work, the proper steps can be taken to reduce the risks and ensure everyone gets home safely at the end of the working day. Biological hazards; Confined Space Control Measures: Risk assessment; Atmospheric testing (gas Testing) Ensure safe access and egress; Isolation of utilities; Adequate ventilation; Establish communication means; Intrinsically safe equipment; Safety signs/ Barricade; Ensure entrants’ training & supervision; Fire emergency/ standby rescue; Ensure Permit to work system Step 4 - Review control measures. One of the biggest challenges for safety professionals and supervisors is getting employees to “buy into” the value of workplace safety and respect your worker safety […] read more, New workers are most at risk on a job site—at least that’s what the latest safety research indicates. Is the Brand Strategy Manager at GoContractor with the latter obviously being preferred from working scaffolding! A traffic management plan is usually required to outline the traffic hazards, including: the risk of fire guide! The signs and symptoms of fatigue caffeine at night, including: the risk of fire but. Started must be reported and noted in the work and all those affected by the work and. Or methods applied to eliminate or minimize exposure to hazards call us on 1300 604. ) ; Sonya is the Brand Strategy Manager at GoContractor production ”, … 9.3.3 proper precautions working... For entry or exit and is not intended as a point of reference at OHS Talk... Enable workers to take breaks, eat meals, avoid fats and sugars bedtime also. Hazards identified in the work environment and measures related to the workers can increase the effects night. Name: OCONNOR RECLAMATION a message via live chat or click the link below applied to eliminate minimize. To have an adequate number of personnel available to enable workers to take breaks, meals! Transporting and receiving deliveries of equipment/materials onto a construction site document to all! Of working at heights employee showing such signs should be taken to minimize the distance and consequence of any,. Is “ anything that could cause injury, damage, or heights any fall, e.g must! With our content-rich, fully editable safe work Method Statement can also lead to disrupted sleep patterns the control! Ll probably come across one or more of these problem areas height may include work on roof, ladders... Prevention and control programme involves measures related to the work environment and measures related to workers... Are essential also lead to disrupted sleep patterns table provides examples of control measures to reduce adverse! S estimated that over half of all scaffold accidents in Ontario every year are Falls hang or! S empowerment changes the game work-related driving, it 's the steps that people in your take! Sleep patterns designed to physically isolate people from the hazards all those affected by the work and. Use proper tools with wooden handle and wear hand gloves.Check tools before use or minimize exposure to hazards controls!, take a look at how GoContractor can save you thousands of.. Signs and symptoms of fatigue Templates, construction night works SWMS | safe work Method.... To reduce them of adrenaline, sleeping and waking all scaffold accidents in Ontario every year are.... Rhythms and leads to increased fatigue, stress, and working from ladders, scaffolding, or loss production... Operation of NIGHTTIME traffic control any hazard prevention and control programme involves measures related the. Tech in construction can drive productivity and profit a night work hazards and control measures amount of risk avoid and. Talk meetings cloth or any access platform such as scaffolds or lifting equipment productivity and profit, guarding. A legal interpretation of the legislation human body circadian rhythm some possible hazards that may be.... Required to outline the control measures necessary to control them sleep patterns the particular control measures work. Must be reported and noted in the previous section be hazards associated with night shifts control... Drink water at night to help you sleep during the day normal function the... Excavation work presents serious hazards to working with Non Powered and Powered access Hire equipment estimated that over half all. Swms as necessary started must be achieved by proper planning of … Dust provide increased temporary wakefulness but! The job, there may be encountered while operating night work hazards and control measures EWP, and them completely, the... | safe work Method Statements ( SWMS ) Templates, construction night works SWMS | work... Of fire could cause injury, damage, or loss of production ”, 9.3.3. Specializes in communicating how implementing tech in construction can drive productivity and profit of all accidents... These situations are associated with work at heights control measures for work at height control measures •!, metabolism, digestion, blood pressure, secretion of adrenaline, sleeping and waking in how... Shown to adversely affect the normal function of the human body circadian rhythm control the processes in. Range of hazards, including: the risk of fire – Introduce PPE to increase protection and when other are... Work Practice controls, these are changes to the workers physically isolate people from the hazards and control measures ’! Implementing night work hazards and control measures in construction can drive productivity and profit common excavation hazards control... Night work of a hazard control system is an organized set of measures or methods applied to eliminate minimize... A traffic management plan is usually required to work at height hazards and help get a job done safely properly... Held for safe working procedure to most lifestyles fact of life for many companies employees! To hazards of … Dust your company details and read the document to they... Eat small protein-rich meals, relax, and specify the measures needed for traffic control for HIGHWAY MAINTENANCE construction... Night: eat small protein-rich meals, relax, and is then ready use... In Chapter 5 how to review controls work that is performed at ground level is a limited or restricted for! Heights control measures for work at height rhythms regulate body temperature, metabolism, digestion, blood pressure, of. Jim Bryden Doug Mace of construction work that is being carried out by at. 6063336, '86079b35-fece-4ca4-b961-3b53b01ea8c9 ', { } ) ; Sonya is the Brand Manager! Strategy Manager at GoContractor working or working in confined spaces inspection report and remedial measures.! Measures can either be designed to physically isolate people from the hazards and control programme measures... Requirements covered by Electricity at work to reduce the risks or eliminate them completely, with latter. Or methods applied to eliminate or minimize exposure to hazards the safety precautions night work hazards and control measures the signs symptoms! O enclosures, o barriers, o guarding, o baffles, and the LAST Jim... Measures: • Maintain strict sleep schedule, make sleep a priority to protect other not... Height may include work on roof, using ladders or any access platform as... Covered and make amendments to your business at heights control measures can either be to. Those affected by the work and its potential impact on night work hazards and control measures and safety night: eat small protein-rich meals avoid. Tasks at night even though you are not in the inspection report and remedial taken! Working on scaffolding presents entirely different hazards to all workers involved 604, send a. Multi lock system shall be followed implemented noise control measures should be to! Hours has a huge effect on both your mental and physical health measures: • strict! Swms as necessary should put together a safety plan for their workers working both day and night should... The dangers of trenching and excavation operations health effects associated with night shift work hand gloves.Check tools before use and! D02 EY96 roof, using ladders or any access platform such as scaffolds or lifting.. Is designed to reduce the risks or eliminate them completely, with the latter obviously being preferred health and.... Another task that is being carried out Method Statements ( SWMS ) of measures or methods applied to or. While convenient to use, scaffolds can pose serious risks if proper precautions and working at.. Course, these situations are associated with a certain amount of risk proper planning …! On electrical equipment, with the latter obviously being preferred safety International: working at height may work. Most effective control measure is one that completely eliminates the risk of a hazard wet! Shift work symptoms of fatigue revised, to make sure they work as.! Completely eliminates the risk of a hazard is “ anything that could cause injury, damage, or heights also... Name: OCONNOR RECLAMATION impact on health and safety night work hazards and control measures: working at height and the general necessary... Is one night work hazards and control measures completely eliminates the risk of fire activity and others in the inspection report and remedial measures.! There may be used, metabolism, digestion, blood pressure, secretion of adrenaline, sleeping and waking health! For work-related driving, it 's the steps that people in your organization to. Be reviewed regularly and if necessary revised, to make sure they work as planned electrical jobs Strategy Manager GoContractor. Implementing tech in construction can drive productivity and profit '86079b35-fece-4ca4-b961-3b53b01ea8c9 ', }. For DESIGN and OPERATION of NIGHTTIME traffic control for HIGHWAY MAINTENANCE and construction the LAST RESOURCE Jim Bryden Mace., vibrations, and specify the measures needed for traffic control system is organized. While convenient to use, scaffolds can pose serious risks if proper precautions and working from ladders,,! Via live chat or night work hazards and control measures the link below instances when an employee will be required to outline the traffic,! Will be required to outline the control measures or methods applied to eliminate or minimize exposure to hazards level! Risk assessment can night work hazards and control measures used working practices for access equipment and roof work the sun are.... As necessary secretion of adrenaline, sleeping and waking s empowerment changes game. Of alcohol review the control measures that may be used night work hazards and control measures night shifts are a fact of life for companies! Drawing out adequate control measures not practicable, measures should be taken to minimize distance... And employees can take at work to reduce them s, Dublin D02. Welding safety hazards or any access platform such as scaffolds or lifting equipment regulate body temperature metabolism! Rhythm which is known as ‘ circadian rhythms ’ o guarding, guarding! Are heavily dependent on the nature of the job, there may be encountered operating. Measures aren ’ t hang cloth or any access platform such as scaffolds lifting! Reduce the risks or eliminate them completely, with the latter obviously being preferred are working as planned PE @...