It can grow up to five feet tall and produces an abundance of bright yellow flowers starting in March and lasting until June. Description. The major herbivore of E. farinosa is the beetle T. geminata, which is an Encelia specialist and feeds on the plant both as larvae and adults. Encelia farinosa - Brittlebush, Incienso (Plant) $10.00 Excl. phenicodonta, Encelia farinosa var. Gray ex Torr NRCS CODE: ENFA Tribe: Heliantheae Family: Asteraceae Order: Asterales Subclass: Asteridae Class: Magnoliopsida Subspecific taxa None currently accepted (JepsonOnline 2nd Ed. Nov. 2, 2020. Encelia farinosa is also commonly known as ‘incensio’ due to its fragrant sap that’s sometimes used as a substitute for incense in Mexico. Plant Common Name. English: Brittle-bush. tax In stock (42) IN-STORE PICKUP ONLY Summer pickup hours are Thursday-Saturday 9AM-3PM. It can be found in a variety of desert habitats from dry gravelly slopes to open sandy washes up to 1000 meters. The white, densely pubescent leaves of the desert shrub Encelia farinosa reflect about twice as much radiation as the green, nonpubescent leaves of E. californica native to the moist coastal region. Encelia farinosa is a deciduous shrub that can grow up to 0.75 metres tall. Encelia farinosa. Inciensio is a fast growing shrub typically developing a mounding form, 3-5 ft. high and as wide with distinctive 3-4 in. Encelia farinosa. Other The name brittlebush refers to the plant's weak branches, incienso to its fragrant resin, and desert encelia to its Prefers the full sun. Influence of irradiation, soil water potential, and leaf temperature on leaf morphology of a desert broadleaf, Encelia farinosa Gray (Compositae) While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. Soil Type. They are arranged in loose panicles above the leafy stems fruit 3–6 mm and no pappus is visible. Bright yellow 1" daisies spring and summer. Influence of Irradiation, Soil Water Potential, and Leaf Temperature on Leaf Morphology of a Desert Broadleaf, Encelia farinosa Gray (Compositae) April 1978 American Journal of Botany 65(4) ''Encelia farinosa'' , is a common desert shrub of northern Mexico and the southwestern United States . Sonoran & Mojave deserts on sandy or gravelly soils. Vernacular names . Very Low, Extra in Summer . radians Brandegee ex. farinosa brittlebush Encelia farinosa readily hybridizes with Encelia californica when the two plants are nearby. Soil Condition. long whitish-gray leaves. Another Spanish name for it is ''incienso'' because the dried sap was burned by early Spanish missions in the New World as incense. It can also be found on hillsides and valleys in Hawaii. White if very dry. Encelia farinosa tolerates sand. Encelia farinosa - Brittle Bush. Sun. [8], Two varieties of E. farinosa are recognized by Flora of North America. Leaves are broadly ovate-lanceolate, whitened and densely covered with short, crooked hairs, 3 1/2" long. Encelia farinosa is a deciduous Shrub growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in) at a medium rate. Known … var. It requires a very sunny position in a deep very well-drained soil, and minimal winter frost. Prune: After flowering, trim tall flower stalks down to leaf level. A very conspicuous shrub of the southwest desert. Prefers well draining soil. [5], It does well in cultivation often being used for border, erosion control, ground cover and massing. Soil Condition. Grows up to 2-4 ft. tall and wide (60-120 cm). Encelia farinosa. Average, Poor, Well-drained, Dry . radians (Fehlerg & Ranker 2007). It is in flower in May. hardy to 25 F. Provides good fall color. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Silvery gray mounding shrub grows to 3' x 4'. Common name: Brittlebush . Its stems exude a fragrant resin that was used as incense in the churches of Baja California, hence the common name of incienso. Note this is the default cart. Blake NRCS PLANT CODE : ENFA COMMON NAMES : brittlebush inceinso white brittlebush TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for brittlebush is Encelia farinosa Gray ex. Species Name: Encelia farinosa Common Name: Brittlebush or Incienso Profuse bloomer! Encelia farinosa in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Bright yellow 1" daisies spring and summer. Blake) I.M. Growth Rate. Soil: Very well drained, dry, low organic content, pH 6.6-8.5 (neutral to alkaline). Full, Half . Yellow daisylike flowers appear winter to spring. low water needs. California Native. Tough and beautiful. phenicodonta (Blake) I. M. Johnston Encelia farinosa var. Average, Poor, Well-drained, Dry . Sandy, Clay, Rocky, Unparticular . Encelia farinosa - WikiMili, The Free Encyclo Larvae pass through three stadia and pupate in the soil. Gray mounding ... Mulching and adding compost to soil can minimize evaporation and help soil absorb and store water. Soil pH The common name "brittlebush" comes from the brittleness of its stems. Medicinal: Seri use brittlebush to treat toothache; the bark is removed, the branch heated in ashes, and then placed in the mouth to "harden" a loose tooth. To use the website as intended please  Pronunciation: en-SEE-lee-uh far-ih-NOH-suh. The capitula are 3.0–3.5 cm in diameter, with orange-yellow ray florets and yellow or purple-brown disc florets. The foliage is semi-summer deciduous and tends to drop in times of drought. E. farinosa can be found in a variety of habitats from dry, gravelly slopes to open, sandy washes up to 1,000 m (3,300 ft). Full . [5], 3-Acetyl-6-methoxybenzaldehyde is found in the leaves of E. Encelia farinosa also did not acidify the soil as much as the larger and longer-lived species, which was a consideration since acidification might result in greater mobility of the uranyl ions over long time scales. It may continue to bloom well into the summertime with some humidity and a little extra moisture. It does well in cultivation and recently has spread dramatically in areas not natural to its distribution in large part because Caltrans … It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. This can occur any time from November through May. Encelia farinosa is native to the Southern California deserts up to an elevation of 3500 feet. hardy to 25 F. Provides good fall color. Tough and beautiful. Brittlebrush. Laboratory experiments were performed to evaluate observed seasonal changes in leaf morphology of the desert perennial shrub, Encelia farinosa Gray. Soil Type. Landscape Use: Flowering accent, foundation, native plantings, desert restoration projects, desert flower gardens. Stock varies-Not all sizes listed may be in stock; Pricing subject to change without notice [6] Recently the plant has spread dramatically in areas not natural to its distribution in large part because Caltrans has begun to use it in hydroseeding. Pale green in early spring, the foliage becomes velvety-white by summer. E. farinosa can be found in a variety of habitats from dry, gravelly slopes to open, sandy washes up to 1,000 m (3,300 ft). Water. Scientific: Encelia farinosa Common: brittle bush Family: Asteraceae Origin: Disturbed sites and sloping terrain of the Sonoran and Mojave deserts. Encelia farinosa is great for a butterfly garden. Sun. However, the leaves will turn white in drought conditions. Requiring only minimal care to look its best, Encelia farinosa is a great choice for mixed borders or perennial beds in water-wise gardens. Growth Rate. Prefers well draining soil. 2010). farinosa and E. f. var. Encelia farinosa . Known … Location The insect is active during the winter rainy season, with larvae emerging to feed on young plant tissues in late winter. Encelia farinosa readily hybridizes with Encelia californica when the two plants are nearby. Other names include ''hierba del vaso'' and ''cotx'' . Blooming in loosely branched clusters, a profusion of bright yellow daisy-like flowers, 2 in. Prune: After flowering, trim tall flower stalks down to leaf level. Encelia farinosa and Encelia frutescens are drought-decidous shrubs whose distributions overlap throughout much of the Sonoran Desert. Encelia farinosa - Brittlebush, Incienso (Plant) $10.00 Excl. Previous Photo Next Photo Information by: Jerry Sortomme Editor Photographer: Mountain States Nursery Description. Goldenhills. Accept tax In stock (42) IN-STORE PICKUP ONLY Summer pickup hours are Thursday-Saturday 9AM-3PM. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. Soft, gray-white foliage. Acceptable Soil conditions: Acidic Alkaline Metal Salt Caliche. Michael Cottingham, herbalist and teacher of this 10-month Voyage Botanica herbal intensive in Arizona. Moderate . [1] During dry seasons the plant goes drought deciduous, shedding all of its foliage, relying on the water stored in its thick stems. We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. Intense displays of bright golden-yellow daisy-like owers occur in early spring; a second ower cycle can occur in late fall following the occurrence of rain or summer irrigation. Brittlebush grows to 1 meter tall, with fragrant leaves 3-8 centimeters long. Johnst. Add to My Plant List. Brittlebush. Brittlebush, Desert Encelia.