It can cause fatal diseases. He headed the editorial team of 'Sahara Time', a 48-page general interest English weekly newspaper, and later, handled a 24x7 online wing www.samaylive.com. The Act also contains penalties for contravening its provisions.‘Pollution’ refers to the contamination of water… It is time for learning sustainable ways of living. Water should neither be abused nor be wasted. Where there is a will there is a way essay, Environmental Problems That Our World is Facing Today, Waste Disposal: Meaning, Facts, Information, Types/Methods, Importance and Solutions, Plastic Pollution: Causes, Effects and Solutions, Organic Farming - What is Organic Farming, Types, Methods, Importance, Advantages and Disadvantages of Organic Farming, Groundwater Depletion: Meaning, Causes, Effects and Solutions. The temporary settlements near the sea normally do not have toilets which is why these people defecate in the water of the ocean and the people also throw their household garbage in ocean waters. The farmers should stop using various chemical fertilizers in their fields to get a bumper harvest or spraying pesticides on their crops for this purpose. Presently, the problem of open defecation and the dumping of garbage in public places still continue. Causes of Water Pollution: Causes of water pollution Sewage. THE WATER (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) CESS RULES, 1978 MINISTRY OF WORKS AND HOUSING NOTIFICATION New Delhi, the 24th July, 1978 1G.S.R. This prevents shortages and helps in reducing the volume of polluted water to … After cleaning up their mess the ships also throw their garbage into the water. These were the top 10 ways to control water pollution. Water pollution affects plants and organisms living in these bodies of water and in almost all cases the … While there is no single short step to stop water pollution, there are number of things that we can do in our daily lifestyle to reduce water pollution. The best way stop water pollution is not to clean the polluted water but to stop polluting it. In the rural areas, pucca drains are required to be made, because the water is going everywhere in a chaotic manner; it finally reaches the rivers and canals with tons of garbage and pollutants. Some industries follow this rule, and they either destroy the remaining material, or re-use it safely. The human negligence is also a major cause of environmental pollution. There is need to implement Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in totality and make India open defecation free. Due to rapidly growing population, construction of flats on mass scale is a growing trend in the cities to accommodate the rising population, as in a flat a family of three to six people can live easily. The legislative provisions, such as the Water Act 1974 and Control of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection Act 1986 are there but these have not been implemented effectively … Laws must be enforced to ensure that the industries do treatment of wastes before the water is discharged into the rivers and seas. We should develop a technology to keep the drains away from the water sources. Unchecked borings and the consequent excessive pumping in coastal areas can cause saltwater to move inland and upward, leading to contamination of the water supply. Apart from the laws, creating awareness about the impacts of water pollution is required. They pollute the water to a large extent and make them unfit for drinking. Karanataka Pollution Control Board 2 THE WATER (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) RULES, 1975 [Dated the 27th February, 1975] G.S.R. … Never throw away rubbish … One must avoid the large ponds as sunlight combined with organic nutrients may lead to the larger growth of bacteria which breed the waste matter. These factories are required to apply all the ways for the safe disposal and clearance of the oil. Disposing sewage in water is one of the major reasons of water pollution. Minimizing their usage or using organic methods for pest, weed, and disease control can appreciably reduce water pollution. At its second Global Forum, in Rabat, Morocco, in 1993, the Collaborative Council responded to the Rio accord by mandating a Working Group on Water Pollution Control, google_ad_width = 300; Prevention of water pollution Dealing with water pollution is something that everyone (including governments and local councils) needs to get involved with. This Act – which Parliament passed on March 23, 1974 – provides for preventing and controlling water pollution and establishing Boards for the same, as well as maintaining and restoring the ‘wholesomeness’ of water. Effective wastewater treatment before their eventual discharge is one way to driving water pollution prevention. _taboola.push({ There are some algae and water plants available which are helpful in keeping the water clean, they should be grown all over in the water. Pollutants can be converted into non toxic substances by treatment. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); . This is indeed very true but used rarely in practical life. To destroy bacteria in the water, chemical substances such as bleaching powder, etc should be used. However, in these flats the need of water is high and there is growing pressure on groundwater reserves. It is highly important to take steps forward to prevent water pollution. The toxic amount present in these wastes is very high. We should treat the poisonous substances and discharge materials and toxic substances coming out of the homes and factories before discharging them into the rivers and ponds. An Act to provide for the prevention and control of water pollution and the maintaining or restoring of wholesomeness of water… This first widget will style itself automatically to highlight your favorite product. Due to contamination of water some organisms die immediately and make water more polluted. It can also be used for the irrigation and factories purposes. Currently, water recycling is being only in a limited manner. Chapter 18 of Agenda 21 sees "effective water pollution prevention and control programmes" as key elements of national sustainable development plans. The use of low quality water, such as treated wastewater in the industries and for washing utensils and gardening makes the fresh water less contaminated. Re-cycling and re-use are other ways to prevent water pollution which can improve the availability of fresh water. In addition to applying these methods, industries are required to bring about changes into their methods of manufacturing to prevent water pollution. The State Pollution Control Board filed an application under Section 33 of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 to restrain the industry of causing water pollution. In exercise of the powers conferred by section 63 of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 (6 of 1974), the Central Government after consultation with the Central Board for the Prevention and Control of Water Pollution… Various species and organisms of the water naturally die due to humans bathing in the water and thus making it polluted. 6 OF 1974 [23rd March, 1974.] Adequate care should be taken to ensure that effective sewage treatment process is in place … Waste generated, due to daily activities of the people living in the houses, are also thrown into the rivers which leaves the river’s water highly polluted. The Clean Water Act of 1972 is the primary authority for the nation's water pollution control programs and established the structure for regulating discharge of pollutants and surface water quality. The Clean Water … Dead bodies should not be thrown in the river. We should not mix petroleum substances in the water. The Act came into force in 1974 and is applicable to the states of Assam, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Gujrat, Haryana, Tripura, West Bengal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Kerala, and the union territories. If we have to control water pollution, we will have to find out a way out, and devise laws and strategies. Ltd. | 2017 All Rights Reserved. The reclaimed polluted water can be used in making fertilizers as it is rich in phosphorous, potassium and nitrogen. With the development of modern human civilization, the problem of water pollution has become a serious issue. Currently, he lends his professional expertise to several publications and websites in content planning, commissioning, writing, and editing. But not all the industries are following these norms. We will implement the strategy featuring safety, cleanness and health, improve source control, take scientific management methods in different drainage areas and regions and in stages, and promote water pollution control, water ecological protection and water resource management … We can atleast follow these 10 ways to prevent water pollution. Travel through sea, growing preferences for residing near sea shores has resulted into several small and big settlements near seas which has made the pollution of sea water a rising concern. The heavy metals are also removed by it. It is also extremely important to adopt the correct methods of the disposal of toxic wastes. You can also start buying organic. An Act to provide for the prevention and control of water pollution and the maintaining or restoring of wholesomeness of water for the establishment, with a view to carrying out the purposes aforesaid, of … This is an Act to provide for the prevention and control of water pollution and the maintaining or restoring of wholesomeness of water through various management guidelines and … The journal publishes original research articles … Air Pollution … The Water Act, 1974 with certain amendments in 1978 is an extensive legislation with more than sixty sections for the prevention and control of water pollution. Most of them throw their wastes into the rivers which is a dangerous scenario as far as water pollution is concerned, as all these wastes finally affected the water animals as well as the humans. google_ad_slot = "1982849078"; Oil leak from the factories are also required to be stopped after the completion of the work in factories. Ponds and rivers are also used for bathing and washing purposes due to which huge quantity of dirt and pollutants get accumulated into the water bodies. To prevent water from getting polluted, we are also required to prevent soil erosion. We should not tamper with public water distribution. Sometimes, accidents of the ships also takes place into the sea and thus various chemical substances and oil get spilled over the sea water leaving long term impact on the creatures living in water. 20. /* India Celebrating_300*250_New */ We can consider it as one of the most overrated statement. Practising this can reduce the initial toxicity and the remaining substances can be degraded and rendered harmless by the water body itself. PREVENTION OF WATER POLLUTION Be the solution of water pollution 2. Oil spill from cars, other vehicles and the machines are required to be stopped completely. In addition, metals and solvents from industries also lead to water pollution. This will prevent the water from getting polluted to a large extent. We can plant water hyacinth which is also referred as kaloli to treat the polluted water. Some of the 10 ways to reduce water pollution are discussed below: Human and animal excreta should be prevented from mixing with the water bodies. Man has forgotten that his existence on this Earth is because of the nature and environment. mode: 'thumbnails-rr', Household wastes and industrial waste also add to the problem. Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 is a comprehensive legislation that regulates agencies responsible for checking on water pollution and ambit of pollution control boards both at the centre and states. Recycling your plastic, glass, paper, etc. So, we will have to stress more on proper recycling and reuse of water to prevent water pollution. Keep reading to learn more about the different types of air pollution, their effects, and possible ways to control them. We should set more and more sewage treatment plans that play a crucial role in the reclaimed polluted water. Of course it is hard for the normal, everyday man and woman to do much about reversing the effects of water pollution, but there are things you can do to prevent it. When it rains, all the dirt, garbage and excreta get into streams or ponds, polluting water sources. Power to obtain information.— Among other things, the Act provides for constitution of central and State Boards for preventing water pollution, power to take water … Recycling reduces the size of landfills and also reduces how much solid waste ends up in the waters. Nowadays, there is a variety of good quality filters available in the market that should be used. Water is the basis of the life of all living beings. The effects might seem irreversible, but they are not. Immersion of idols during religious ceremonies to be done at the appointed place only. We are not required to do big things to stop water pollution. Awareness should be created in society about the risk of water pollution. Pollutants used to control weeds, insects and pests leech into water and lead to pollution. Prevention practices are essential for preserving wetlands, groundwater sources and other critical ecosystems - areas in which we especially want to stop pollution before it begins. There are virtually no toilets in the slum settlements located near city-dwellings, or even if there is one, it is not able to function smoothly. Excessive use of herbicides, pesticides, and fertilizers leads to water pollution as the chemicals contained in the products often find way into the water systems through surface runoff or infiltration into the soil. SEO By Bharat Go Digital : SEO Company in Bangalore, Ganga River History and It’s Present Scenarios, Prevention of Water Pollution, How to Prevent / Control Water Pollution, Save the Rivers in Hindi | नदियों की रक्षा करना हिंदी में, how to prevent water pollution from industries. Such water can also be used for washing vehicles and we should use only good quality water for drinking purposes. Moreover, due to these activities, garbage, excreta, ashes of the dead old clothes and soiled materials are discharged into rivers and even sometimes dead bodies are also thrown into the rivers and water bodies. Garbage in the cities and towns should be classified and thrown into the designated dustbins only. Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies (e.g. Here are a few things you can do to help. We should not put excreta and sewage flowing from cities and towns into water, but dump them in garbage pits outside the city so that they turn into compost later on and which can be used in the fields. For example, Roorkee-based Central Building Research Institute has successfully tried to transform the ash from the thermal power stations into bricks. If you want to help keep our waters clean, there are many things > Houston Health Department > Environmental > Bureau of Pollution Control and Prevention Mission Our mission is to protect public health by improving the quality of ambient and indoor air, water and land in Houston. The presence of radioactive wastes in the water can be removed by oxidation of ponds. lakes, rivers, oceans and groundwater). Water pollution may disrupt human life to a great extent. The consumption of these aquatic organisms living in polluted sea water also makes the humans go sick. It deals with the biological and chemical waste. It could also be adopted by any state through a resolution passed declaring to adopt the Act. google_ad_height = 250; }); Copyright White Planet Technologies Pvt. Effective steps should be taken to outlaw dumping of wastes into a river or other water sources. The Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 was adopted by the Indian parliament with the aim of prevention …