They weren't only taking away education and time, but also the innocence of childhood, lives, and happiness. Estimates show that over 50% of the workers in some British factories in the early 1800s were under the age of 14. Teaching activities on this site have received the CC0 Public Domain Dedication ; authors have waived all copyright and related rights to the extent possible under the law. It showed the author of the diary in times before and after the Industrial Revolution which gave me an idea of how it felt during those times. Era 6 -The Development of the Industrial United States (1870-1900)Standard 3A -Demonstrate understanding of how the "second industrial revolution" changed the nature of work and conditions of work. It shows 2 young boys working on a very large machine that is in the spinning factory so they are spinning cotton. Design a poster to campaign against, or for, child labour in the factories. Children had long had a place in domestic farming, unlike mill and factory work that grew out of the Industrial Revolution. There was a report which stated that two-thirds of the workers in the water powered cotton mills were children. The child labor reports of the period in which I made this study put the number of children under fourteen years of age working in mills as fully 25 per cent of the workers; working for a pittance, for eight, nine, ten hours a day, a night. History : Labor: Primary Sources A research guide to primary and secondary sources for labor history. Child labour was not an invention of the Industrial Revolution. Primary Sources 1. This website provides lots of primary sources relating to major personalities of the British Industrial Revolution. She became giddy from not enough sleep. A stream overflowed into the ventilation drift after violent thunderstorms causing the death of 26 children (11 girls aged from 8 to 16 and 15 boys between 9 and 12 years of age). Industrialisation led to a dramatic increase in child labour. The formation of the Federal Society of Journeymen Cordwainers (shoemakers) in Philadelphia in 1794 marks the beginning of sustained trade union orga… Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Factory Pollution. It has painstakingly collected digitised prints, paintings, drawings, objects, buildings, letters, maps, plans, newspapers and other printed materials for use by teachers and students. Childhood Lost Primary Source Set Vera Hill, 5 years old picks 25 pounds a day. ", "Working Conditions during the Industrial Revolution. To exploit someone is to use that person in a manner You should be able to make inferences. “Two children I know got employment in a factory when they were five years old………….the spinning men or women employ children if they can get a child to do their business……..the child is paid one shilling or one shilling and six pence, and they will take that (five year old) child before they take an older one who will cost more.” ", Working Conditions during the Industrial Revolution. Child labor was a common practice throughout much of the Industrial Revolution. I am also taught the different ways of how people striked, how strikes formed and how much chaos and change it would cause. Prerequisite Skills: You should be familiar with the Industrial Revolution and issues of child labor. Children's Employment Commission A serious accident in 1838 at Huskar Colliery in Silkstone, revealed the extent of child labour in the mines. Workhouse Children. To gain a true understanding of child labor, both as an historical and social issue, students should examine the worlds of real working children. The first primary source I will show you is an accident report from Martha Appleton in 1859. Childhood Lost:Child Labor During the Industrial Revolution Resource Booklet | Primary Source Set As a reflection on the past, children were used for many common occupations such as coal mining, rat catching and chimney sweeping – just to name a few. Child Labour. 'Child Labor in the Industrial Revolution', Karl Marx - PowerPoint with Cloze Notes (25 Slides/Pages on his life and ideas! From the Pennsylvania Coal Company in 1911. Source 1: Extract from a Factory Inspectors report – … We are also going to discuss the term exploitation. Working Hours. May 26, 2017 - Industrial Revolution and Child Labor Source Analysis - This 14 page package includes 5 engaging and informative yet short primary sources about child labor during the Industrial Revolution. "Child labor … This unit asks students to … Scavengers. Diary entries were included in this website, introducing the Industrial Revolution and how much it changed the world. And mill owners declared dividends ranging from 50 per cent to 90. Professor Emma Griffin explores the dangerous, exhausting work undertaken by children in factories and mines, and the literary responses of writers including Charles Dickens and Elizabeth Barrett Browning. This lesson correlates to the National Standards for Civics and Government. His let was set wrong at first. Illustration: ZPER 34/19. Child laborer (Neil Gallagher) who was injured in an accident at a Pennsylvania mine during the time of the Industrial Revolution. In Britain, child labor became a major issue in the 19th century and eventually legislation was passed that brought it to an end. Have a class debate on child labour with half of the class arguing for child labour. Introduction | Primary Sources and Analysis Tools Library of Congress Resources | Primary Source Set. Facts about Child Labor during the Industrial Revolution 4: the workers in cotton mills. This website showed primary sources, including photographs, newspapers, and documents of child labor, during the Industrial Revolution. Life in the Factory. Child labor was especially common in the late 18th century, during the early years of the Industrial Revolution. Jump to: Preparation Procedure Evaluation Children have always worked, often exploited and under less than healthy conditions. Child Labor in America. Teaching Activities Standards Correlations This lesson correlates to the National History Standards. Industrialization, the Great Depression and the vast influx of poor immigrants in the 19th and 20th centuries, made it easy to justify the work of young children. Physical Deformities. Teachers may effectively use photographs to present historical events, people and places in a personal way that students can connect with. Piecers. Choose a link below to access printable PDF versions of these materials including additional information, color images and citations. Humphries, J., Childhood and child labour in the British industrial revolution (Cambridge, 2010) The International Handbook Of Development Economics (Volume 2, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2008) provides in its chapter 51 estimates of labour force participation rates … Some argue that photographs can indeed lie -- they can be doctored, … Children of the Industrial Revolution underwent an entirely new form of child labor which they potentially had not experienced in the past. The Industrial Revolution is a controversial event in history because it involved so many negative aspects, such as: child labor, poor living conditions and poor working conditions.However, it’s important to note that several positive elements also emerged from the time period of industrialization. , , , , http://blogs.isb.bj.edu.cn/yvonnec1/industrial-revolution-diary-entries/>, , http://www.history.com/topics/child-labor>, http://webs.bcp.org/sites/vcleary/ModernWorldHistoryTextbook/IndustrialRevolution/IREffects.html#childlabor>, http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/lesson13.htm>, http://www.victorianweb.org/history/hist8.html>, http://ihscslnews.org/view_article.php?id=95>, http://www.schoolshistory.org.uk/IndustrialRevolution/workingconditions.htm#.Ut3gExDnaM8>, http://www.eiu.edu/~eiutps/newsletter_childlabor.php>, . One leg is shorter then the other. Why teach with photographs? He was just 13 years old. Students are immersed in primary source materials that relate to child labor in America from 1880-1920 to gain a person perspective of how work affected the American child within a rapidly growing industrial society. The earliest recorded strike occurred in 1768 when New Yorkjourneymen tailors protested a wage reduction. You should also be able to identify primary and secondary source documents. Child Labour Activity. She was 13 years old and was allowed to work 10 hours a day. Location: Dallas, Texas. In 1892 the social reformer, John Peter Altgeld, was elected as governor of Illinois. This poem was written around the time of the industrial revolution as propaganda against child labor. That’s why child labor was considered as the first choice for workers in the factories in 18th and 19th centuries of industrial revolution. The practice of child labor existed until the Fair Labor Standards Act was passed in 1938. See 4580. Child Labor In the early days of the Industrial Revolution, factory owners in the United States employed child workers. This website showed images of miserable children working during the Industrial Revolution. "The History Place - Child Labor in America: Investigative Photos of Lewis Hine." Primary Sources. Child labor was common practice throughout much of the industrial revolution because many families needed additional income and children’s small fingers and bodies were optimal for fitting into small places and caring for machinery. Sources. You should know how to use commas, be familiar with journal writing, and have an understanding of the Six Traits in writing. The machine looks very big and dangerous to these 2 boys who only look around the age of 6-7. Food in the Factory. The History Place - Child Labor in America: Investigative Photos of Lewis Hine. In the United States, there were over 750,000 children under the age of 15 working in 1870. 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