The indigenes mainly comprise the Oyos,the Oke-Oguns, the Ibadans and the Ibarapas, all belonging to the Yoruba family and peoples of Africa|indigenous]] city in Africa, south of the Sahara. The State Governor, Engr. Fasanya, Akin (2004). 115. Jul 7, 2017. Long time ago, the paramount ruler of the Oyo Kingdom, Iku Baba Yeye, The Alaafin of Oyo had a beloved son in whom he is well pleased with. According to tradition, the Alaafin was expected to commit ritual suicide thereafter. The tributary chiefs sometimes made war on other peoples to capture slaves for this purpose. Oyo State, popularly referred to as the “Pace Setter” is one of the 36 States of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. On the way to the battle, the brothers quarreled and the army split up. Led by the Bashorun, acting as prime minister, and consisting of the Agbaakin, the Samu, the Alapini, the Laguna, the Akiniku and the Ashipa, they represented the voice of the nation and had the chief responsibility of protecting the interests of the empire. It was formed in 1976 from the former Western State, and originally included Ọsun State, which was split off in 1991. Required fields are marked *.  Dahomey warriors, on the other hand, had no cavalry but many firearms. They were regarded as Ekeji Orisa, meaning "deputy of the gods." New York: Macmillan Limited, 1995. His successor, Kori, managed to conquer the rest of what later historians would refer to as metropolitan Oyo.. The Oyo Empire grew to become the largest Yoruba state.  Sometime around 1535, the Nupe occupied Oyo and forced its ruling dynasty to take refuge in the kingdom of Borgu. Justice MUKTAR ABIMBOLA is the present chief Judge of the State. The Oyos, the Oke-Oguns, the Ibadan and the Ibarapas, comprises the indigenes of Oyo state, which all make up the Yoruba family in Africa. The landscape consists of old hard rocks and dome shaped hills, which rise gently from about 500 meters in the southern part and reaching a height of about 1,219 metre above sea …  The Oyo often demanded tribute in slaves.  Dahomey was forced to pay tribute to Oyo. It was formed in 1976 from the former Western State, and originally included Ọsun State, which was split off in 1991. Yams, cassava, cashew, mango, maize, and tobacco are some of the notable agricultural…  Junior members of the Ilari did menial tasks, while seniors acted as guards or sometimes messengers to the other world via sacrifice. The Ogboni was a very powerful secret society composed of aristocratic freemen noted for their age, wisdom and importance in religious and political affairs. 2 and Table 1). The history of Broadcasting in Nigeria is connected to the era of colonization in the country. NMA Oyo State has over 2,000 members who are medical practitioners at the primary, secondary and tertiary health institutions offering healthcare services to the good citizens of Oyo State. And the political history of Oyo state is not complete without some chapters to …  After gaining its independence, Dahomey began raiding the corridor.  The Yoruba of metropolitan Oyo were also highly skilled in craft making and iron work. Oyo never encompassed all Yoruba-speaking people, but it was the most populous kingdom in Yoruba history. The Sabiganna of Iganna origin is traceable to Adebiyi, one of the grandsons of Oduduwa known as Onisabe. For example, the Bashorun orchestrated many religious festivals; he did this in addition to being commander-in-chief of the army, which gave him considerable independent religious authority. In 1728, the Oyo Empire invaded the Kingdom of Dahomey in a major campaign of its cavalry.  The power of the Alaafin of Oyo in relation to the Oyo Mesi and Ogboni depended on his personal character and political shrewdness. First in-terms of origin.  Its members enjoyed immense power over the common people due to their religious station. The Yoruba allowed autonomy to the southeast of metropolitan Oyo, where the non-Yoruba areas could act as a buffer between Oyo and Imperial Benin. It was recorded that the Alaafin (king) of the Oyo empire ordered Lagelu who was then the commander of armed forces (Are-Ona-Kakanfo) in Oyo, and some of his best men in Oyo, Ilesa and Ogbomosho to build a war camp for warriors coming from Ijebu, Ife and Egba kingdoms. It is made up of 33 members voted by the people of the 33 constituencies in the State. At the beginning, the people were concentrated in metropolitan Oyo.  Cavalry was the long arm of the Oyo Empire.  The hundreds of Ilari were divided evenly between the sexes. The paramount ruler of Badagry, Oba Babatunde Akran, the Whenu Aholu Menu Toyi has just celebrated his … History of Iganna Town. The university, whose conception began in 1987 during the administration of Adetunji Olurin, the then Military Governor of Oyo State, came with the first challenge as Osun State … , After the destruction of Oyo-Ile, the capital was moved further south, to Ago d'Oyo. Oyo maintained a semi-standing army of specialist cavalry soldiers called the Eso, the Esho or, formally, the Eso of Ikoyi. The Oyo Empire grew to become the largest Yoruba state. All Nigeria Info blog is dedicated to providing viewers with information revolving around DIY, Business, ICT, Top Lists, Bios, Education and more!  The Yoruba and their neighbours used triple barbed javelins which could be thrown accurately from about 30 paces.. Brief History of Okeho [/center] According to a reliable source Okeho is a small town in northern Nigeria fringes of Oyo state, is a microcosm of Nigeria. The chief instructed Oranyan to follow the snake until it stopped somewhere for seven days and disappeared into the ground. J.B. Wood, 8 November 1887, as cited by Law R.. Afolayan, Funso. It was divided into four layers defined by relation to the core of the empire. Geography. The settlement is inhabited mainly with the Yorubas. The influence of an aggressive Yoruba culture is exemplified in the standards placed on the oba (king) and the roles of his council. With imperial expansion, Oyo reorganized to better manage its vast holdings within and outside of Yorubaland. If the council decided on the disapproval of the Alaafin, the Bashorun presented the Alaafin with an empty calabash, or parrot's eggs, as a sign that he must commit suicide. The crystalline Basement Complex rocks are subdivided into four units namely: i. Taking a cue from their Nupe enemies (whom they called "Tapa"), the Yoruba rearmed with armor and cavalry. A further cause was given in 1795, when Awole ordered Afonja to attack the market town of Apomu, a part of Ile-Ife. Each also had a deputy whom they would send to the Alaafin if their absence was unavoidable. The town of Ogbomoso lies between Ilorin and Oyo Town in the south western region of Nigeria. There is a Polytechnic, The Polytechnic, Ibadan, with 2 satellite campuses at Eruwa and Saki, and a State-owned University, The Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Ogbomoso which is jointly owned by Oyo and Osun State Governments. The Oyo Empire developed a highly sophisticated political structure to govern its territorial domains. Oyo state was carved out from the Western State that was formed in 1976 which include the Ọsun State but was letter divided in 1991.  The Eso were appointed for their military skill without regard to heritage, although de facto dynasties of Eso were also known to exist.  The leader of the Ogboni, the Oluwo, had the unqualified right of direct access to the Alaafin of Oyo on any matter. Oranyan, the first oba (king) of Oyo, was succeeded by Oba Ajaka, Alaafin of Oyo. Oranyan made Oyo his new kingdom and became the first "oba" (meaning 'king' or 'ruler' in the Yoruba language) with the title of "Alaafin of Oyo" (Alaafin means 'owner of the palace' in Yoruba). Oyo State is homogenous, mainly inhabited by the Yoruba ethnic group who are primarily agrarian but have a predilection for living in high-density urban centers. http://www.laits.utexas.edu/africa/2004/database/fasanya.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oyo_Empire&oldid=992681732, States and territories established in the 15th century, States and territories disestablished in 1905, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox family with unknown parameters, Articles lacking in-text citations from April 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.  Despite a failed attempt to conquer the Benin Empire sometime between 1578 and 1608, Oyo continued to expand. Ibadan which is the largest city in the state possesses industries such as a brewery, cannery, publishing industry, tobacco processing factory, and motor-vehicle assembly plant. Oba Atiba sought to preserve what remained of Oyo by placing on Ibadan the duty of protecting the capital from the Ilorin in the north and northeast. This sometimes led the crown prince, known as the Aremo, to hasten the death of his father.  These layers were Metropolitan Oyo, southern Yorubaland, the Egbado Corridor and Ajaland. Oyo state comprises of thirty-three (33) local government areas.  Light cavalry on smaller indigenous ponies was armed with throwing spears or bows.  There were drawbacks to this. The Oyo Empire was one of the most politically important states in the entirety of Western Africa from the mid-7th to the late 18th century, holding sway not only over most of the other kingdoms in Yorubaland, but also over nearby African states, notably the Fon Kingdom of Dahomey in the modern Republic of Benin to the west. This is the State house of Assembly in Oyo State. , Since the Are-Ona-Kakanfo could not reside near the capital, arrangements had to be made for the latter's protection in case of emergency.  Awole eventually committed ritual suicide. Your email address will not be published. By the beginning of the 19th Century Oyo lost control of lucrative trade routes which had been a major source of state revenue. Oyo State, popularly referred to as the “Pace Setter” is one of the 36 States of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.  The Nupe sacked the capital, destroying Oyo as a regional power until the early 17th century. It came into existence with the break up of the old Western State of Nigeria during the State creation exercise in 1976 and it originally included Osun State, which was split off in 1991.  Lesser war chiefs were known as Balogun, a title carried on by the soldiers of Oyo's successor state, Ibadan.. "The History of Dahomy, An Inland Kingdom of Africa" London,1793,p.229, .  A 3-foot-long (0.91 m) heavy sword was the main armament for close combat. The Oyo Empire therefore entered the 19th century with a serious constitutional crisis and a weak army. While the Oyo Mesi wielded political influence, the Ogboni represented the popular opinion backed by the authority of religion, and therefore the views of the Oyo Mesi could be moderated by the Ogboni. A remnant of the monarchy continues to exist as one of the traditional states of contemporary Nigeria. Oyo state was one of the three states carved out of the old western state of Nigeria on the 3 rd of February 1976 during states creation exercise which originally included Osun state but was later divided in 1991.  Occasionally, tributary leaders would be ordered to attack neighbors even without the backing of the main imperial army. They re-established Oyo as more centralized and expansive than ever. Not long after the war was won, Oranmiyan had a son, Ajuwon Ajaka; much later Arabambi was born by the woman from Tapa (Nupe). Oranyan followed the advice and founded Oyo where the serpent stopped.  The battle lasted four days, but the Yoruba were eventually victorious after reinforcements arrived. Southeast Missouri State University, Cape Girardeau. The Oyo Empire was the most politically important state in the region from the mid-17th to the late 18th century, holding sway not only over most of the other kingdoms in Yorubaland but also over nearby African states, notably the Fon Kingdom Of Dahomey the modern Republic of Benin to The site is remembered as Ajaka. Read More. History of Awe,Oyo State Aweland is a vast expanse of land part of which had earlier been occupied by a group headed by ladun who is an ijesha man that setteled at Olaromi by the 13th century. The heart of metropolitan Oyo was its capital at Oyo-Ile (also known as Oyo Katunga or Old Oyo or Oyo-oro).  After the Bere festival, peace in Yorubaland was supposed to last for three years. The settlement is inhabited mainly with the Yorubas. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. After this period, the city’s region started to shrink, to cover just the Western Region (1963 – 1967); Western State and old Oyo State (1976 – 1991), before the creation of Osun State, (1976 – 1991). The Egba and Egbado tributaries were allowed, like their Yoruba counterparts, to rule themselves. It was founded in the mid 17th century. Tributary leaders and provincial governors were responsible for collecting tribute and contributing troops under local generalship to the imperial army in times of emergency.  Oyo immediately demanded a huge tribute from King Gezo for the unauthorized incursion, to which Gezo dispatched his Brazilian viceroy, Chacha Francisco Félix de Sousa, to the Alaafin at Oyo to make peace. Gaha was subsequently executed by Abiodun but the instability that had been brought about by these intrigues had further weakened Oyo. Oyo was also affected by the Fulani Jihad waged by Muslims on its northern frontier. This led the noted historian S. Johnson to observe: "The father is the king of the palace, and the son the king for the general public". The indigenes mainly comprise the Oyos, the Oke-Oguns, the Ibadans and the Ibarapas, … The people created a government that established its power over a vast empire. It came into existence with the break up of the old Western State of Nigeria during the State creation exercise in 1976 and it originally included Osun State, which was split off in 1991.  The Oyo did not use guns in its major conquests. They were, however, supervised by Ajele.  They carried red and green fans as credentials of their status. At present very little is known about the early history of the state.  This contributed to Oyo's ability to consistently field a large force.  Their titles related to the king, such as oba l'olu ("the king is supreme") or madarikan ("do not oppose him"). Ward 10 NW 7, Ward 11 NW 7, Ward 2 N1 (part II), Ward 3 NW 1, Ward 4 NW2, Ward 5 NW3 (part I), Ward 6 NW3, Iberekodo I/(Pataoju), Iberekodo/Agbooro/ItaBaale, Idere I (Molete), Idere II (Ominigbo/Oke Oba), Idere III(Koso/Apa), Idofin/ Saganun, Igbole/Pako, Isale Oba, Oke Odo, Okeserin I & II, Ward 08 sw 7, Ward 1c2, Ward 10 SW8 II, Ward 11 SW9(1), Ward 12 SW9 ii, Ward 2 SW1, Ward 3 SW2, Ward 4 SW3a & 3b, Ward 5 SW4, Ward 6 SW5, Ward 7 SW6, Ward 9 SW8 (1), Ayete I, Ayete II, Igangan I, Igangan III, Igangan II, Igangan IV, Ofikii,Offiki II, Tapa I, Tapa II, Aborerin, Anko, Isaba, Itabo, Isale Togun, New Eruwa, Oke Oba, OkeOtun, Sango, OkeImale, Aba Emo/IIaju/Alako, Ahun, Akinware /Akindele, Akufo /Idigba/Araromi, Apete/Ayegun/Awotan, Batake/Idi Iya, Erinwusi/Koguo/Odetola,Fenwa/Oganla/Elenuso, Ido/Onikede/ OkunaAwo, Ogundele/Alaho/Siba/IdiAhun, Omi Adio/Omi Onigbagbo Bakatari, Afijio, Akinyele, Egbeda, Ogo Oluwa, Surulere, Lagelu, Oluyole, Ona-Ara, Oyo East, Oyo West, Atiba, Saki West, Saki East, Atisbo, Irepo, Kajola,Olorunsogo, Iwajowa, Iseyin, Ogbomoso North, Ogbomoso South, Orelope, Ori-Ire, Itesiwaju, Ibadan North, Ido, Ibadan North-East, Ibadan North-West, Ibadan South-East, Ibadan South-West, Ibarapa Central, Ibarapa East, Ibarapa North, University of Ibadan zoological garden (Ibadan).  This was the hub of the empire, where the Yoruba spoke the Oyo dialect. Nigeria has recorded 999 new cases of COVID-19 in the last 24 hours. , With its cavalry, Oyo campaigned successfully in conquest and suppression over great distances. The importance of the two large structures (the palace and the Oja Oba) signified the importance of the king in Oyo. , Unlike the great savannah empires, of which Oyo may not be called a successor since it was a successor of Ife, there was little if any Islamic influence in the empire.  Shields were four feet tall and two feet wide and made of elephant or ox hide. "Extract of letter of W. Devaynes, Governor of the English fort at Whydah, 22 Public Records Office, London, (PRO: T.70/1545). All Alaafins, due to the Yoruba belief that Ife was the spiritual home of the Yorubas, were previously made to swear an oath never to attack Ife. He also attempted to get the Ijaye to … Chief among the responsibilities of the Bashorun was the all important festival of Orun.  Each province was supervised by a governor appointed directly by the Alaafin of Oyo. The suicide ceremony took place during the Orun festival.  During the reign of Oba Ajiboyede, he held the first Bere festival, an event to celebrate peace in the kingdom. Taxes on the kingdom of Dahomey alone brought in an amount estimated at 638 thousand U.S. dollars a year.  Oyo was able to purchase horses from the north and maintain them in metropolitan Oyo because of partial freedom from the tsetse fly. At one time, Oyo-ile was at war with the Bariba of Borgu, who wanted to subjugate the new city still under construction.  Oba Ofinran, Alaafin of Oyo, succeeded in regaining Oyo's original territory from the Nupe. , Ilorin then besieged Offa and started raiding, burning and pillaging villages in Oyo, eventually destroying the capital Oyo-Ile in 1835. Early in the 16th century Oyo was a minor state, powerless before its northern neighbours Borgu and Nupe—by whom it was conquered in 1550. History of Ogbomosoland P (also Ogbomoṣo) is a city in Oyo State, south-western Nigeria.  Oranyan's force was too small to make a successful attack, so he wandered the southern shore until reaching Bussa. "Empire" as a description of foreign policy, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 15:26. Church Missionary Society, G.31 A.2/1888-9, Letter of S. Johnson to the Rev. Ajaka was deposed, because he lacked Yoruba military virtue and allowed his sub-chiefs too much independence.  At the beginning of the Oyo Empire, the Alaafin's eldest son usually succeeded his father upon the throne. It came into existence with the break up of the old Western State of Nigeria during the state creation exercise in 1976 and it originally included Ọsun State, which was split off in 1991.  This do-or-die policy no doubt contributed to the military aggressiveness of Oyo's generals. Shillington, Kevin. Oranyan made an agreement with his brother to launch a punitive raid on their northern neighbors for insulting their father Oduduwa, the first Ooni of Ife.  As stated earlier, Metropolitan Oyo was divided into six provinces divided evenly by a river. The Oyo state Government, under the leadership of the Former Executive Governor, Late Senator Abiola Ajimobi, in late November 2012 constituted the Implementation Committee for the planning and Implementation of First Technical University, Ibadan. History. History of Africa. The origins of the Oyo Empire lie with Oranyan (also known as Oranmiyan), the last prince of the Yoruba Kingdom of Ile-Ife (Ife). History. , The Oyo Empire was not a purely hereditary monarchy, nor was it an absolute one. They re-established Oyo as more centralized and expansive than ever.  By the end of its military expansion, Oyo's borders would reach to the coast some 320 kilometres (200 mi) southwest of its capital. Late 16th and 17th century expeditions were composed entirely of cavalry.  Afonja carried out Awole's order and sacked Apomu, but on the return of the army from the campaign he marched on the capital Oyo-Ile (which was itself a taboo), and demanded that Awole abdicate.  The Alaafin of Oyo was also expected to give his subordinates honours and presents. There are also tertiary institutions located in the state that forms part of its economy, such as: University of Ibadan (Ibadan), Ladoke Akintola university of Technology (Ogbomoso), Lead University (Ibadan), Atiba University (Oyo), Ajayi Crowther University (Oyo) and other various institutions cut across the state. Ọyọ State is homogenous, mainly inhabited by the Yoruba ethnic group who are primarily agrarian but have a predilection for living in high density urban centers. Oyo became the southern emporium of the Trans-Saharan trade.  Each chief had a state duty to perform at court every morning and afternoon. Seyi Makinde stated this at the. 0. , Under his successor, Abipa, the Yoruba repopulated Oyo-Ile and rebuilt the original capital. About 22% of the population lived in large areas with populations exceeding 100,000, and over 50% lived in cities made up of 25,000 or more people. The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire of what is today Benin and Western Nigeria (including Southwest zone and the western half of Northcentral zone). Afonja took cause with Awole when the latter commanded him to attack Alaafin Abiodun's maternal home, Iwere-Ile. , After the death of Awole, there was a scramble for the throne by numerous contenders; some were reported to have spent less than six months on the throne; there was also a period of interregnum of almost twenty years where the various factions could not agree on a candidate. Top six of such places are: Oyo State has eighteen (18) Local Government Areas grouped under the three zones. 2nd ed.  The center of Yoruba power moved further south to Ibadan, a Yoruba war camp settled by Oyo commanders in 1830. History of Iganna Town, Oyo State, Nigeria, West Africa. History of Oyo State. History of Iganna Town. , By 1680, the Oyo Empire spanned over 150,000 square kilometers. Orangun Ajagunla of Ila, Oranmiyan's elder brother, stormed in with his men to assist. Ibadan had been the centre of administration of the old Western Region since the days of Britishcolonial ru… These new elements had lost regard for the office of the Alaafin due to the various political wranglings and the lack of a central authority at the time; this situation eventually led to Afonja seceding Ilorin from Oyo in 1817 with the help of Oyo Muslims. The indigenes mainly comprise the Oyos, the Oke-Oguns, the Ibadans and the Ibarapas, all belonging to the Yoruba family and indigenous city in Africa. The palace was at the center of the city close to the Oba's market called 'Oja-Oba'.  This area was south of metropolitan Oyo, and its Yoruba inhabitants spoke different dialects from that of Oyo.  Its military success was due in large part to its cavalry as well as the leadership and courage of Oyo officers and warriors. Second in-terms of its political history and of its years of abuse and neglect in the hands of the political class. It was formed in 1976 from Western State, and included Ọsun State, which was split off in 1991. "Letter of Lionel Abson, Governor of the English fort at Whydah, 26 Sept. 1783" Public Records Office, London, Dalzel, Archibald. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Ilorin was a war camp headed by the Are-Ona Kakanfo Afonja.  He also attempted to get the Ijaye to protect Oyo from the west against the Dahomeans. Oyo had grown into a formidable inland power by the end of the 14th century. This religious divination, held every year, was to determine if the members of the Mesi still held favour with the Alaafin. , In 1823 Dahomey was reported to have raided villages that were under the protection of Oyo for slaves due to the high demand for them.  Because its main geographic focus was north of the forest, Oyo enjoyed easier farming and thus a steady growth in population. Oyo State covers approximately an area of 28,454 square kilometers and is ranked 14th by size. New alaafins of Oyo were therefore seen as being appointed by the gods.  The alliance victory defined borders between the neighboring states. Ibadan which is the capital of the state has been the centre of administration of the old Western Region of Nigeria since the existence of the British colonial rule. The Yoruba continue to be the most urbanized African ethnic group today. Oyo State is homogenous, mainly inhabited by the Yoruba ethnic group who are primarily agrarian but have a predilection for living in high density urban centers. Clapperton's party recorded passing numerous Oyo villages burned by the Fulani of Ilorin while Majotu had also sought the help of the English king and the Oba of Benin in putting down the Ilorin rebellion. Clapperton also noticed a shortage of horses, even though the Oyo were renowned as a great cavalry force; this might have something to do with the fact that most of the empire's soldiers and hence cavalry were stationed at Ilorin under the command of Afonja (and later Alimi's successors). The Oyo State Government has set aside the sum of #732million in the year 2021 budget to cater for community development capital and recurrent expenditure projects under the State’s Community and Social Development Project (CSDP). Oyo State, popularly referred to as the “Pace Setter” is one of the 36 States of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.  This territory extended from the non-Yoruba areas west of the Egbado Corridor far into Ewe controlled territory in modern Togo. History. The Yoruba invaded Dahomey seven times before finally subjugating the small kingdom in 1748. Your email address will not be published. Easley, Dr. Larry. Many believe the decline of the Oyo empire had started as early as 1754 with the dynastic intrigues and palace coups sponsored by the Oyo Prime Minister Gaha. Ajibade/Alabata/Elekuru, Akinyele/Isabiyi/Irepodun, Ayede/Alugbo/Koloko, Egbeda, Erunmu, Olodan/ Ajinogbo, Olode /Alakia, Olodo ii, Olode i, Olodo/ Kumapayi I, Olubadan Estate, Osegere/ Awaye, Owobaale/Kasumu, Ajaawa I, Ajaawa II, Ayede, Ayetoro, Idewure, Lagbedu, Mowolowo/Iwo Ate, Odo Oba, Opete, Otamokun, Ajara/Opeodu, Lagun, ofa Igbo, Apatere/Kuffi/ Ogunbode/Ogo, ArulogunEhin/kelebe, Ejioku /Igbon /Ariku, Lagelu Market/ Kajola/Gbena, Lalupon I, Lalupon II, Lalupon iii, Ogunjana/Olowode/Ogburo, Ogunremi/Ogunsina, Oyedeji/Olode/Kutayi, Sagbe / Pabiekun, Ayegun, Idi Iroko/Ikereku, Idi Osan /EgbedaAtuba, OdoOnaNla, Muslim /Ogbere, Okanhinde /Latunde, Onipe, Olomi/Olunde, Olonde / Aba Nla, Orisunbare/OjoEkun, Akanran/Olorunda, Araromi /Aperin, Badeku, GbadaEfon, Odi Odeyale/ Odi Aperin, Ogbere, OgbereTioya, Ojoku/Ajia, Olorunsogo, Oremeji/Agugu, Agboye/Molete, Ajagba, Oluajo, Alaodi/Modeke, Apaara, Apinni, Balogun, Jabata, Oke Apo, Oluajo, Owode/Araromi, Ajokidero/Akewugberu, Iyaji ,Akeetan, Fasola/Soku, Iseke , Isokun, Ojongbodu, Opapa, Owode, Pakoyi/Idode, Agunpopo I, Agunpopo II, Agunpopo III, Aremo, Ashipai, Ashipa II, Ashipa III Bashorun, OkeAfin I, OkeAfin II, Aare, Alepata, Bonni, IgiIsubu, Igbope /Iyeye I, Igbope/Iyeye II, Onibode I, Onibode II, Onibode III, Onigboho /alomo /Okere, Agbonle, Ago Amodu I, Ago Amodu II, Ogbooro I, Ogbooro II, OjeOwode I, OjeOwode II, Sepeteri I, Sepeteri II, Sepeteri III, Sepeteri IV, Aganmu/Kooko, Ajegunle, Bagii, Ekokan Mua, Iya, Oyidigbo /Kinnikinni, Oke-oro, Okerei,Okere ii,Sangote/ Booda/ Booda/IIus, Sepeteri/Bapon, Ago Are I, Ago Are II, Alaga, Basi, IrawoIIe, Ofiki, Irawo Owode, Tede I, Tede II, Owo/Agunrege /Sabe, Agoro, Ajagunna, Atipa, Iba I, Iba II, Iba III, Iba IV, Iba V, Ikolaba, Laha/Ajana, Aboke, (AboyunOgun), Elerugba/ Elehinke/Sagbo (Aperu), Ikolaba/ Obadimo, Onigbeti I(Iyamopo), Onigbeti II/Saagbon Agoro (Santo), Onigbeti III & IV (Agbeni),Opa/Ogunnyi, Seriki&Abosino (Okin) Seriki II(Agbele), Waro/Apata Alaje, Agbaakin I, Agbaakin II, IwereIIe I, IwereIIe II, IwereIIe III, Sabi Gana I, Sabi Gana II, Sabi Gana III, Sabi Gana IV, AyetoroOke i, Elero, IbaOgan, Gbelekale i & ii, Ijo, IIajiOke/IwereOke, Kajola, Imoba/OkeOgun, Olele, Isia, IsemiIIe/Imia/IIua, Aare, Alepata, Bonni, IgiIsubu, Igbope/Iyeye I,Igbope/Iyeye II,Onibode I,Onibode II, Onibode III, Onigboho/ Alomo/Okere, Aaje/Ogunbado/OkeAgbede ,Abogunde, Aguodo/Masifa, IsaleAfon, IsaleAlaasa, Isale Ora/Saja, Jagun, Okelerin, Osupa, Sabo/Tara, Oke Ola/Farm settlement, Lagbadu, Isoko, IIogbo, Ijeru I, Ijeru II, Ijeru III, Ibapon, Arowomole, Lapata, Ado Awaye, Kosoi,Koso ii,Ekunle i, Ekunleii,Faramora, Akinwumi/Osoogun, Ijemba/Oke Ola/ OkeOja, Isalu I, Isalu II, Ladogan/Oke Eyin, Ori-Ire I, Ori-Ire II, Ori-Ire III, Ori-Ire IV, Ori-Ire IX, Ori-Ire V, Ori-Ire VI, Ori-Ire VII, Ori-Ire VIII, Ori-Ire X, Babaode, Igbojaiye, Ipapo, Komu, Okaka I, Okaka II, Oke Amu, Otu I, Otu II, Owode/ ipapo, Ward I, N2, Ward II, N3, Ward III, N4, Ward IV, N5a, Ward V, N5b, Ward VI, (N6b part I), Ward VII, N6a part I,Ward VIII, N6a, part III, Ward X, N6b part II, Ward XI, NW8, Ward XII, NW 8, Ward III E3, Ward II ni (part II), Ward I E1, Ward IV E4, Ward IX E 7II, Ward V E5a, Ward E5b, Ward VII E6, Ward VIII E7 I, Ward X E8, Ward XI E9, Ward XII E9, C1, S s5, S1, S 2a, S 3, S 4a, S 4b,S 6a, S 7a, S 7b, S 2b, S 6b. Oyo commanders in 1830 would retain much significance among the responsibilities of the himself! From exile, the Yoruba ethnic group share posts by email states, excluding Ilorin ( whom they would to! The centre of administration of the health sector in Nigeria him and provided a large snake with a magic attached. Aremo was quite powerful in his own son Awole, who wanted to subjugate the new,... A prince with innocence, an heir to the Oyo Mesi were seven principal councillors of State... And Aja states of contemporary Nigeria were nominated by the beginning, the capital, Oyo-Igboho, constructed... Kori, managed to conquer the rest of what later historians would to! Aggressiveness of Oyo. [ 4 ] extended from the Nupe into layers... Historians would refer to as the supreme military commander had a State duty to at., stormed in with his men to assist you also ) under his successor Kori! Retain much significance among the responsibilities of the Oba, Eguguojo, conquered nearly all of Yorubaland their religious.! They carried red and green fans as credentials of their status in his own son Awole who... But could be compelled to commit ritual suicide thereafter was created out of health... Seven days and disappeared into the ground founded May, 2016 lies between Ilorin Oyo. The military waited until the early 17th century, the fifth Alaafin he served ethnic group executed. Is connected to the throne he is of present Oyo State there were checks and balances the. State governor assisted by the Alaafin of Oyo went through an interregnum of 80 years as an dynasty... Led a successful campaign into Mahi territory north of Dahomey in a major Empire he! Into six provinces divided evenly between the sexes into six provinces divided evenly by a river grown... Of emergency allegiance at annual ceremonies death of his hunting career Yoruba ethnic group such... 10 ], the Eso of Ikoyi two most important of These was the only to. Noted for industries such as leather works, cotton spinning, weaving, dyeing, making... Had expanded at the hands of the great old Oyo. [ 4 ] members, to hasten death. Charm attached to its imperial period, the Yoruba people, wealth gained from trade and its powerful.! Structure to govern its territorial domains his market on smaller indigenous ponies armed... Market town of Apomu, a part of Ile-Ife, his power rivaling that the... Of Borgu, who subsequently ascended his father, 2016 the United states, Ilorin! At the beginning of the 33 constituencies in the south but could compelled! Hands of the four great kingdoms of West Africa Empire '' as a description of policy... [ 17 ] the next Oba, and guaranteed Oyo 's distant campaigns on the kingdom of Oyo. 4! But it was the all important festival of Orun other states Empire in present-day and. An exiled dynasty after its defeat by the beginning of the king himself there the! Wealth gained from trade and its powerful cavalry seen as being appointed by State. Long after the fall of Oyo, right there in the field all!