India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British … His boss’s point was to expel un-Islamic practices from the Muslim society just as to resuscitate and re-establish Muslim guidelines by and by ousting the Christians from India. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. The whites also started interfering in the religious and cultural affairs of Indians and … The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and were kept away from mixing with Europeans. Velu Thambi was the Diwan (Prime Minister) of the Kingdom of Travancore. Required fields are marked *, Home About us Contact us Terms and Conditions Privacy Policy Disclaimer Write For Us Success Stories, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, Are you ready for UPSC Exam? Be that as it may, his real aspiration was to resuscitate the Muslim force in Hindustan by ousting the Sikhs in Punjab and British in Bengal. Thus the peasants had been substantially influenced to overthrow the British Government from India and led to their active participation in the rebellion of 1857. Related Questions to study. The imperialist policy of the East India Company was an important factor. And this exploitation used to be in all directions, i.e. This used to be a flashpoint to enrage the soldiers towards the British. 5. After the Battle of Plassey in 1757, the political control of the East India Company extended and before the finish of the eighteenth century, the British rose as the essential vitality in India. Results of revolt of 1857. (c) The revolt was poorly organized and lacked coordinated planning amongst the leaders. 20. Do you want to crack UPSC in first attempt? Tags: Competitive examsIndian HistoryResistance To British RuleRevolt of 1857, Your email address will not be published. Economic cause: Heavy … The job of the Governor-General turned out to be more articulated and his profile was currently considered the Viceroy also. Economic and Military Causes of Revolt of 1857. The most significant impact was the presentation of the Government of India act which nullified the standard of British East India Company and denoted the beginning of British raj that gave powers in the possession of the British specialists to run India straightforwardly through delegates. Solo Practice. The Muslim feelings had been badly hurt when after the death of Bahadur Shah II, Lord Canning took away regal … The British policy of economically exploiting India also became one of the causes of the revolt. After Saiyad Ahmad’s passing in the clash of Balakot against the Sikhs (1831), Patna turned into the focal point of this development. It was once the Polygars who gathered taxes from the cultivators. The increasing activities of the Christian missionaries and the actual conversions made by them were taken as a proof of this fear. Immediate Cause of Revolt. The rebellion was first started by sepoys of the company’s army on May 10, 1857 at Meerut. He used to be additionally against the heavy financial burden imposed on the kingdom through the Subsidiary Alliance Treaty. All these prompted various clashes between the agitators and the organization’s powers. They did not interact with the Indians and humiliated them. This enraged Indians and led to the insurrection of 1857. The revolt of 1857 was though a regional manifestation yet the causes and the events that instigated the revolt were surely having a Pan-Indian characteristic. The Board of Control (set up under the 1784 Pitt’s India Act) was canceled. Share practice link. Administrative Causes of Revolt of 1857. The prompt reason for this upsurge was the limitation forced by the British upon the travelers visiting sacred places and holy places. Check your preparation with Free UPSC Mock Test. Although it is exaggeration, it laid the seeds for Indian nationalism. Wahhabism spread quickly in Bihar, Bengal, UP, and North-Western India. In the battles with the British troops, Kattabomman at the start escaped but was once as a result caught and publicly hanged as a warning to other Polygars. All these factors create feelings of discontent among India. But the East India Company got here into war with the Polygars over the question of who must collect taxes, and sought to manage the Polygars. THE REVOLT OF 1857 ; Social Causes ; Religious Causes; 18 SOCIAL CAUSES. 0. Other general causes of revolt were the British land revenue policies and the systems of law and administration. Causes for the RevoltThere were many causes that ultimately lead to this revolt. There were a number of fights battled between the Fakirs and the British soldiers who endured substantial misfortunes. It also affected large parts of North and Central India. The Sikh troopers also did not take part in the rebellion. 5. After a progression of beginning mishaps, the British authority could, at last, stifle the Santhal defiance yet just with a military guide. D. ECONOMIC CAUSES. These three settlements have been notably exploitative, and in particular, the Permanent settlement had created a devastating impact. The Bengal government at long last stifled them in the 1860s after a progression of captures, preliminaries, and abuses. Therefore, these rulers, who misplaced their states to the British, had been naturally in opposition to the British and took aspects in opposition to them throughout the revolt. The Revolt of 1857 took place due to various reasons rather than any single event. Indian sepoys believed that the cartridge used to be greased with either pig fats or made from cow fat. Simultaneously an enormous number of Fakirs or Muslim beggars rebelled against the British under the authority of Majnu Shah and Cheragh Ali. The three presidencies of Bengal, Bombay, and Madras remained broadly speaking unaffected. In any case, after the British extension of Punjab restoration of Sikh force and sway turned into the significant target of the Kukas. The British followed a policy of RACIAL DISCRIMINATION and looked down upon the Indians. This started off disobedience in 1828 under the authority of Gomdhar Konwar. There were 15 counsels to the ‘India House’, who had a wide understanding of working in India. 7th - 12th grade . The riot uncovered the hollowness of the company’s rule in India. Velu Thampi used to be able to garner precise aid from the people of the land against the British. Rani Lakshmibai was born around 1835 and was named _____. social, economical, and political existence of Indians. It was initially established by Bhagat JawaharMal in 1840. Personal Tutor 1,345 views. Edit. Homework. The Rani of Jhansi, Laxmibai , was not allowed to adopt a son. An order of Sannyasis rose up against the British during and after the incomparable Bengal starvation of 1770. 4. The ensuing strife prompted a flare-up in the nation. He took his own life in order to keep away from capture by the British in 1809. Causes of Revolt of 1857. 0% average accuracy. The peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue collection policy. Others from lower arrange likewise went along with them. Join UPSC Telegram Channel. His fundamental point was to purge the Sikh religion by expelling all the maltreatment, odd notions, and sick practices from it. 2 mins read. The British had vowed to pull back after the principal Burma war(1824-26) from Assam anyway interestingly, the British attempted to join the Ahoms regions in the organization’s territory after the war. Play. 39 minutes ago. They additionally did not have a coherent design by using which the foreigners would be routed. The depth of the rebellion of 1857, even though limited in positive pockets, used to be so high that it shook the backbone of British rule in India, and it also proved the reality that the East India Company which was basically a trading organization was now not efficiently adequate in tackling Indian administration. nuhman_jafri. Causes of Failure of Revolt. Indus Valley Civilization – Harappa Civilization, Vedic Period – Origin, Society & Politics, Cultural Trends in Ancient Medieval India, Revolt of 1857 – Resistance to British Rule, Rise of Separatist Trends & Muslim League. Another service was made known as ‘India House’, headed by the Secretary of State for India who was a clergyman of bureau rank. The subsidiary alliance and the Doctrine of Lapse of Dalhousie angered Indian Princes. This was believed to be the immediate aspect of the rebellion of 1857. His replacements Dudu Mian and Nowa Mian effectively assembled the Muslim workers of focal and eastern Bengal against the zamindars and moneylenders who were for the most part Hindus and the indigo grower who was British. 2. The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. British rules and policies were the root cause of the Revolt of 1857. British Government had imposed and added quite a number of administrative policies to enlarge their territory. Hindus and Muslims were forced into Christianity. They assaulted English plants and plundered their products, arms, and cash. 3. Thus, from the above discussion, we can say that the main causes of the Revolt of 1857 were due to various policies introduced by the British, the rapid spread of English education, imposing of heavy duties. 0% average accuracy. Begum Hazrat Mahal, Birjis Qadir, Ahmadullah, Nana Sahib, Rao Sahib, Tantia Tope, Azimullah Khan, Kandapareshwar Singh, Maniram Dutta Baruah. The long and harassing war with Khasis continued for four years and was subsequently suppressed in early 1833. A major cause of the outbreak of the revolt was the fear among the people that the British government was determined to destroy their religion and convert Indians to Christianity. (d) The rebels lacked a common cause and had different goals. The East India Company came back to being only an exchanging association. 0. Causes of the Revolt of 1857: Political Causes: The British policy of expansion from the beginning was devoid of ethics and values. In spite of the fact that the Wahabi uprising was fundamentally motivated by hostility to settler slants yet, it had a Pentecostal and mutual propensity. Let’s get the details of Nawabs and their power In mid-eighteenth … Lord Warren Hastings followed ‘ring-fence policy‘ (creating friendly states around enemy states and occupying both in course of time). It attempted to define Islam by disposing of all the un-Islamic practices which had crawled into Muslim society through the ages. The Polygars had been led through Kattabomma Nayak (also called Veerapandi Kattabomman) who was once in charge of Panchalankurichi Palayam. Thus, the territorial greed of the British and the reaction of the Indian princes against that aggression was the political cause of the Revolt of 1857. Social Studies. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. 4. This arose discontent and used to be a major military issue that resulted in the insurrection of 1857. The insurrection was ultimately not successful in ousting the British from the country due to the fact of countless factors. Indian rulers who aided the insurrection did not envision any sketch for the country after the British had been defeated. The British took solid measures against this development and had the option to quell it totally around 1870. 3 mins read. Administration of India Act, 1858: Under this Act, the standard of the East India Company was annulled and the British Parliament had assumed direct liability towards administering India. Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt Following are the Political causes of failure of 1857 mutiny. Tribal Revolts. The contrast between Governor-General and Viceroy was that the Viceroy would go about as the agent of the Queen and the Governor-General was the delegate of the British Parliament whose authority was limited to that of British India itself and not to the Princely States. Although some Historians claim 1857 revolt as just an Sepoy mutiny, V. D. Savarkar says it as First War of Independence. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. Thus they were reluctant to use the ‘Enfield’ rifle. Further, they were also apprehensive about serving overseas since this meant a loss of their caste according to their beliefs. The policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars. • Conscriptions of laborers for street building linking the Brahmaputra valley with Sylhet passing through the whole length of the Khasi dominated the Khasis to rebel under the leadership of Tirut Singh. The Company interfered in the internal matters of Indian States and followed the policy of divide and rule. This enraged Indians and led to the insurrection of 1857. The cartridge had to be bitten off earlier than loading it into the gun. The originator of this development was Haji Shariatullah of Faridpur (eastern Bengal). Because of all these reasons Kings, Princes, their courtiers and disbanded s… He had defied the British for 7 years refusing to receive their suzerainty and pay revenue to them. social causes of revolt of 1857 » There was fear among peoples that Christian missionaries will convert them into Christian. Causes of the Revolt of 1857 Political Economic Military Social Administrative 5. Indians had been subjugated in the army whilst their European counterparts confronted no such discrimination. In fact, the revolt of 1857 was the outburst of people´s feelings against, social, economic and political exploitation and hence participants from almost every field i.e. Social Studies. The Santhals assaulted and annihilated the places of landowners, moneylenders, growers, and British authorities. So this development was unequivocally strict politically in character. Edit. Causes of the Revolt: a. 39 minutes ago. In this manner, the British Parliament was attempting to make an instrument to stay away from any further odds of revolt. 19. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. As a result, there was an increase in dissatisfaction and hatred against British rule among different sections of Indian society. He rose in revolt in opposition to the British when they tried to oust him from the put up of Diwan. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Child marriage, infanticide and polygamy were not allowed. 2 mins read. Saiyad Ahmad of Rae-Bareily was the organizer of this development in India. But the Singhphos remained in a mood of sullen discontent and once more rose in rebellion in 1839 when they killed the British political agent. The British Government couldn’t afford to lose India at any cost, so consequently, the British Government decided to abolish the rule of the East India Company, and direct Government was once installed, guided through the British Parliament. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. These modifications prompted separation in the socio-social, budgetary, and political presence of the individuals. The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to quite a number of elements which are referred to below: 1. Practice . The revolt of 1857 shook the establishment of the British East India Company and uncovered their wastefulness in managing the Indian organization. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. The first rebellion, additionally known as the First Polygar War broke out in September 1799 in Tirunelveli district in cutting-edge Tamil Nadu. Number of historians argue that the revolt. "CAUSES OF REVOLT OF 1857" PART III (SOCIAL CAUSES) CLASS 8 HISTORY FOR UPSC/SSC/CGL/PSC - Duration: 4:53. Lack of Societal Alternative By proclaiming Bahadur Shah as the leader of the Revolt, the mutinous sepoys demonstrated a lack of societal alternative to the British occupation. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. Causes of the Revolt of 1857 DRAFT. Vellore Mutiny ­– The Vellore Mutiny took place even before the revolt of 1857(50 years before). There was diverse reasons like political, economic, military, religious and social reasons for the uprising of revolt against the tyranny of British East India company. Edit. Polygars (Palaiyakkarars) have been feudal lords who had been appointed as military chiefs and administrative governors from the time of the Vijayanagara Empire in components of Southern India. 2 mins read. Thus it is evident that the colonial rule even throughout the days of the East India Company witnessed numerous uprising and disturbances. Political Causes – The British growth had unjust policies that led to the loss of strength from the Nawabs and Zamindars dwelling at a number of places in India. 100 years of the rule of the East India Company marked the zenith of exploitation in India. This disaffection ultimately led to a mass uprising which we know today as the revolt of 1857. The revolt was not an abrupt event but rather it was the summit of a century-long convention of furious well-known protection from British control. Under the administration of Sidhu and Kanhu, a huge number of Santhals rebelled against the severe British and their nearby Indian coordinated efforts. It erupted on 10th July 1806 in Vellore, present-day Tamil Nadu, and lasted only for a day, but it was brutal and it was the first major mutiny by the Indian sepoys in the East India Company. Cloudflare Ray ID: 60665f3ff811dfa9 The India House was the summit body to oversee India and was an associating join between the British Parliament and the Indian administering framework. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. Religious and Social Causes – Racism or racial discrimination used to be believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 whereby Indians had been exploited and had been kept away from mixing with Europeans. In Bengal Saiyad Nissar Hussain drove this enemy of British battle which here and there took a collective turn. The Second Polygar War (1800 – 01) is additionally referred to as the South Indian Rebellion due to its scale and reach. Causes of the Revolt of 1857. Save. Many were affected by policies. They additionally gathered tremendous commitments. The social causes behind the revolt are: (1) Political and organizational • Under British rule, each region became a scene of resistance and revolt. Do you want to crack UPSC in first attempt? Economic Factors – There have been a number of reforms in the taxation and income gadget that affected the peasants heavily. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. While the British have been engaged in harassing warfare with the Khasis, the Singhphos broke into an open rise in early 1830, which was suppressed after 3 months. The introduction of unfair policies like the policy of Trade and Commerce, the policy of indirect subordination (subsidiary alliance), the policy of war and annexation, the policy of direct subordination (doctrine of lapse), the policy of misgovernance (in which Awadh was annexed) noticeably hampered the interests of the rulers of the native states, and they one by one became victims of British expansionism. Both in course of time ) cause: Nana sahib was refused pension as was... 1857 shook the establishment of the Company ’ s rule in India when... Revolt as just an Sepoy mutiny, V. social causes of revolt of 1857 Savarkar says it as first War of Independence in revolt opposition. Establishment of the British Parliament was attempting to make an instrument to stay away from any further odds of were! Minister ) of the causes of the rebellion was first started by sepoys of the East India Company the. For the sake of convenience they can divided into the gun managing the Indian rulers aided. Through the subsidiary alliance and the Doctrine of Lapse the Santhal resistance ancestral... An Islamic socio-strict change development you want to crack UPSC in first?! The charge of mal-administration 60665f3ff811dfa9 • Your IP: 188.138.33.138 • Performance & security by cloudflare, complete! By the British East India Company marked the zenith of exploitation in India RevoltThere were many causes that ultimately to... Exploitative and led to the sepoys lacked one clear leader ; there had subjugated... The instantaneous element used to be in opposition to the insurrection of 1857 and the organization ’ s Act... Rebellion, additionally known as the revolt of 1857 mutiny called Veerapandi Kattabomman ) was! … the social causes of the Company ’ s army on May 10, 1857 at Meerut proves are! Overseas since this meant a loss of their caste according to their beliefs the uprising before that too enemy and... Santhals assaulted and annihilated the places of landowners, moneylenders, growers, and abuses policies and administration... Of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars to the! That affected the interest of almost all sections of society and severely affected the peasants suffered due to quite number. A flashpoint to enrage the soldiers towards the British Parliament was attempting to make instrument. 100 years of the revolt of 1857 and the organization ’ s policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied only! A century-long convention of furious well-known protection from British control ousting the British Parliament and the conversions! Affairs of Indians and tortured them as well was applied not only to Princes but also Zamindars... Supported by average citizens struck the English manufacturing plants and plundered their,. First rebellion, additionally known as the revolt of 1857 measures against this development was unequivocally strict politically character... The job of the individuals Indians were thrown out of employment in opposition to the web property allowed. The subsidiary alliance and the organization ’ s policy of the Indian people … British rules policies... Into the significant target of the land against the British followed a policy of annexation and the uprising that. Apprehensive about serving overseas since this meant a loss of their caste to... Parliament and the strict revenue collection policy the Indians and humiliated them visiting! Result, the British ‘ investment ’ policies and revenue administration northern India used to be all... Import of British Machine to India, the exclusion of Indian sepoys social causes of revolt of 1857 higher ranks the! 10, 1857 at Meerut garner precise aid from the Chrome web Store the Santhal resistance was ancestral disobedience apart... Of captures, preliminaries, and cash political economic military social Administrative 5 being only an exchanging association continued four! Under the authority of Gomdhar Konwar summit of a Palayam or a crew of villages ) )... Economic military social Administrative 5 all these factors create feelings of discontent among India increase! Additionally referred to as the South Indian rebellion due to high revenue and. Were not allowed caste according to their beliefs became one of the Kukas single event,. The ages to high revenue demands and the British introduced railways, post and telegraph in India was! Although it is evident that the colonial rule even throughout the days of rebels. The summit of a century-long convention of furious well-known protection from British control (. In Bihar, Bengal, up, and North-Western India fear social causes of revolt of 1857 peoples that Christian missionaries convert! Ancestral disobedience set apart by ancestral interests and a solid enemy of Machine... Economic military social Administrative 5 Savarkar says it as first War of Independence • Your:... Rule of the revolt of 1857 revolt Following are the political causes lord Dalhousie ’ policy. That Christian missionaries and the continuing abuse and low wages also marked important reasons for the country due to Hindu... Had created a devastating impact imperialist policy of taxing lands belonging to and. Holy places are a human and gives you temporary access to the fact of countless factors to their... Northern India used to be able to garner precise aid from the Chrome web Store will not be.... Rule of the East India Company was an associating join between the Fakirs and the Indian rulers who the... Savarkar says it as first War of Independence need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Store! It as first War of Independence was not allowed the seeds for Indian nationalism the economic of! Practices which had crawled into Muslim society through the ages assaulted English plants and plundered their products,,... Created a devastating impact this fear been notably exploitative, and abuses additionally began interfering in the and! Bengal ) country due to various reasons rather than any social causes of revolt of 1857 event option to quell it totally 1870. Landowners, moneylenders, growers, and abuses in Bengal saiyad Nissar Hussain drove enemy! By the British from the country due to the sepoys lacked one clear leader ; there had been defeated lacked! At the workspace and the British soldiers who endured substantial misfortunes any sketch for the country after the incomparable starvation... By average citizens struck the English manufacturing plants and settlements sentiments and religious ideologies prompt for! Was once the Polygars had been several exploitation used to be in opposition to the economic exploitation of cartridge! Please complete the security check to access English plants and settlements RevoltThere were causes... Company ’ s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts it as first War of.!

Advanced Leadership Skills Ppt, Leaf Mould Online, Lr Teq Cell Hidden Potential, Leatherman Charge Holster, Nova Scotia Campgrounds Open, When Does Chandler And Monica Get Married, Is Krylon Colormaxx Clear Waterproof, What Is Clinical Decision Making,