The change in the fortunes of the Jews is compared by the prophets to a shepherd's seeking his lost sheep, and feeding them again in green pastures (Jeremiah 31:10; Jeremiah 1:19; Ezekiel 34:11-16). Those who are really called of God to the sacred ministry are such as have been brought to a deep acquaintance with themselves, feel their own ignorance, and know their own weakness. 2. Jeremiah 1:6 Then said I, Ah, Lord GOD! Jeremiah 10:3. 10. But this refers more to inefficiency than to age. na"ar, a youth. For the ordinances of the peoples are vain. Behold, I cannot speak; for I am a child — We cannot infer from this, that Jeremiah was within the years of what is properly called childhood. ), it is supposed he was at his call at least under 25 years of age. But the Lord said unto me, &c. — God refuses to accept of his excuse, and renews his commission to him to execute the prophetic office. Thus God refused to accept the excuse of Moses, made on a like occasion. Jeremiah 8:1. Jeremiah 10:4. False Religion Worthless. He was probably around forty years of age. With Jeremiah it was probably more indefinite, and in the intense consciousness of his own weakness he would naturally use a word below the actual standard of his age; and there is accordingly nothing against assuming any age within the third hebdomad of life. Jeremiah’s first-person poetic account of God’s calling him as a prophet echoes in brief, elliptical form the narrative of Moses’ commission to lead the Israelite slaves from Egypt in Exodus 3. A necessity was laid upon him, as afterwards on St. Paul (1 Corinthians 9:16). In years, and so not ripe or apt for the declaring of great things, and that to princes and nobles. And this is where the Lord has to pause from his message to Judah and really fix his gaze on his prophet, Jeremiah. v.3 Jeremiah had been prophesying for approximately twenty-three years. behold. Septuagint, "thou Being." a child. Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Something of the same shrinking is implied in St. Paul’s command to Timothy (1 Timothy 4:12). Samuel also, and Daniel, began very young. Gather yourselves to flee - Gather your goods together to remove them to a place of safety. Blaney renders it, I will make it, namely, the city or state perfectly sound and whole. They are upright, &c. — They are like the trunk of the palm-tree — Houb. See App-4. He was to be a prophet, not to the Jews only, but to the neighbouring nations. Jeremiah Called to Be a Priest The words of Jeremiah the son of Hilkiah, of the priests who were in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin, to whom the word of the Lord came in the days of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah, in the thirteenth year of his reign. This familiar passage about “The Potter and the Clay” turns the idea of a loving God on its head. Behold, I cannot speak.] ", To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. I cannot speak.—In the same sense as the “I am not eloquent” of Moses (Exodus 4:10), literally, “a man of words,” i.e., have no gifts of utterance. Jeremiah"s contemporaries could very well have mistaken him for "the prophet like Moses," which Moses predicted would come after himself ( Deuteronomy 18:18). Then said I, Ah, Lord God!] All rights reserved worldwide. Ver. (Haydock) --- He does not imitate a child. (a) Mr Beza was likewise converted at sixteen years old (for the which, as for a special mercy, he giveth God thanks in his last will and testament), and lived a preacher in Geneva to a very great age. But these words especially reflect his sense of the greatness of the work before a prophet of God at that time; and so, by implication, the unspirituality and corruption of the time. Then I said, "Alas, Lord God ! behold, I cannot speak: for I [am] a child. child — the same word is translated, “young man” (2 Samuel 18:5). If any one asks, whether Jeremiah acted rightly in refusing what God enjoined? Gain a concise, fundamental grasp of what the Bible is all about with our NEW "Know the Bible" series. But even then the judgment has not come to a height. 8 Do not be afraid(C) of them, for I am with you(D) and will rescue(E) you,” declares the Lord.(F). And the word child, or youth, is elsewhere used of those who were arrived at the first years of manhood. Then said I, Ah, Lord God!] The divine call throws Jeremiah into terror. As we enter into a new … Continue reading "Commentary on Jeremiah … For he might call himself a child by way of extenuating his abilities; as Solomon calls himself a little child, 1 Kings 1:7, although at that time he was married, and must have been at least twenty years of age. John Trapp Complete Commentary. It came also in the days of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, until the end of the eleventh year of Zedekiah the … They have healed also the hurt of the daughter of my people slightly That is, the false prophets and lying priests, who pretended to be physicians, and to heal the sickly and distempered state of the people; and they did do it, in their way, but not thoroughly; they did not search the wound to the bottom; they drew a skin over it, and made a scar of it, and called it a … And now, with that first major section of Jeremiah 10 completed, the Lord gets back to threatening his rebellious unrepentant people with exile for the rest of Jeremiah 10. He is shown in a vision the whole land in confusion. Secondly, he says that he refused the office, that he might gain more esteem, and render his disciples more attentive. Answering to Jeremiah 17:6; whereas the unbelievers “shall not see (even) when good cometh,” the believer “shall not see (so as to be overwhelmed by it even) when heat (fiery trial) cometh.” Trials shall come upon him as on all, nay, upon him especially (Hebrews 12:6); but he … He was young in the presence of hoary abuses. behold, I cannot speak: for I am a child. He was weak to cope with giant evils. A like excuse Moses made, Exodus 4:10. Nevertheless Jeremiah, in his own opinion, "cannot speak"; that is, was no way fit to speak. No human hand can repair it; but if they return to the Lord he will heal. Jeremiah 1:8 Be not afraid of their faces: for I [am] with thee to deliver thee, saith the LORD.. Ver. The old Latin hath it A, A, A, whereby is noted, say some, a threefold defect - scil., of age, of knowledge, and of eloquence; but that is more subtle than solid. I cannot speak - Being very young, and wholly inexperienced, I am utterly incapable of conceiving aright, or of clothing these Divine subjects in suitable language. ; properly and pertinently, politely and eloquently, especially before great personages, kings and princes, and the citizens of Jerusalem, being brought up in a rustic manner in the country. I am a child - This implies nothing very definite about Jeremiah‘s age. Child - the same word is translated "young man," 2 Samuel 18:5. Jeremiah 33:6-8. 8. Verbum angustiae. as answering to the Hebrew Adonai Jehovah. And as the bottle was broken, so shall Judah and Jerusalem be broken by the Chaldeans. I am a child.—Later Jewish writers fix the age of fourteen as that up to which the term rendered “child” might be used. In Genesis 34:19 it is used of a young man old enough for marriage. Copyright © 2019 by Zondervan. 8. I cannot speak; not dumb, as Zacharias, Luke 1:20,22, nor stammering, as Moses, Exodus 4:10,14; but not with that becoming gravity and commanding majesty as is suitable to a prophet; he modestly excuseth himself, from a consideration of the weight of the work, and the tenderness of his age, as in the next expression. . … Continue reading "Commentary on Jeremiah 23:1-6" Jeremiah gave Zedekiah the advice not to rely on Egypt while opposing to Babylon (Jeremiah 37:6 ff) but to subject to the king of Babylon (chap. ; 43:8, etc. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible (Psalm 1:3).shall not see — that is, feel. Figure of speech Asterismos. Anyone who reads Jeremiah 18:1-11 and expects that words from God are always words of comfort and reassurance will have to stop and think again. Ver. Narratives of imprisonment, commitment to God’s command not to marry or have children, persecution, false accusations of treason, forced exile … Continue reading "Commentary on Jeremiah … 1:1-10 Jeremiah's early call to the work and office of a prophet is stated. The voice is that of the prophet Jeremiah however the words are Yahweh’s. Since, then, most men too readily assume the office of teaching, and many boldly intrude into it, Jeremiah, in order to avoid the very suspicion of rashness, informs us that he was constrained to take the office. Thus saith Jahveh: To the ways of the heathen use yourselves not, and at the signs of the heaven be not dismayed, because the heathen are dismayed at them. Verbum angustiae. Jeremiah 10:3-5. The Lord who formed us, knows for what particular services and purposes he intended us. Exodus 4:1-17). "At that time" points back to "days come" in Jeremiah 7:32. Hence some of the Jews judged our Saviour to have been Jeremiah propter dicendi agendique gravitatem et parrhesian, for his gravity and freedom of speech. From the long duration of his office (Jeremiah 1:2, Jeremiah 1:3; Jeremiah 40:1, etc. I shall proceed with what remains tomorrow. He was weak to cope with giant evils. The estimates of several reliable commentators range from about16 to25 years old. David Guzik commentary on Jeremiah 1, describing the call of young Jeremiah, a reluctant prophet who God wonderfully used over a long period of years. 1 Kings 3:7. The Call of Jeremiah - The word of the LORD came to me, saying, “Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, before you were born I set you apart; I appointed you as a prophet to the nations.” “Alas, Sovereign LORD,” I said, “I do not know how to speak; I am too young.” But the LORD said to me, “Do not say, ‘I am too young.’ You must go to everyone I send you to and … Here God shows how busily they are employed from the youngest to the oldest, and how industrious for their idolatry, Jeremiah 44:1-7; see Matthew 24:38; every one in the family doth somewhat towards it. We then see that God forgave his timidity, for it proceeded, as we have just said, from a right feeling; and we know that from good principles vices often arise. of meaning than our word “child,” being in one instance, in plain historical prose, applied to Isaac when he was twenty-eight years old; and yet there is reason to think that Jeremiah was called to the prophetical office at an unusually early age. And as we’ve seen every time that God gives a command, Jeremiah obeys more-or-less immediately. Genesis 14:24; Genesis 22:3; Genesis 34:19; Exodus 2:6; Exodus 33:11; 1 Samuel 4:21; Judges 8:14). 7 This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord: 2 “Stand at the gate of the Lord ’s house and there proclaim this message: “‘Hear the word of the Lord, all you people of Judah who come through these gates to worship the Lord. Jeremiah 1:6. Heb., I know not to speak, i.e., aright, and as I ought. Jeremiah"s age at his call is not clear except that he was a youth (Heb. (6) Ah, Lord God!—Better, Alas, O Lord Jehovah! One cutteth down a tree, &c. — The prophet here exposes the folly of men’s worshipping the work of their own hands, by arguments similar to those which are used by Isaiah 44:10-20; where see the notes. ; Jeremiah 43:8, etc. behold, I cannot speak: for I [am] a child. O ye children of Benjamin, &c. — The prophet proceeds in his remonstrances, rebukes, and faithful warnings to the disobedient Jews. the answer is, that God pardoned his servant, for it was not his design to reject his call, or to exempt himself from obedience, or to shake off the yoke, because he regarded his own leisure, or his own fame, or any similar considerations: Jeremiah looked on nothing of this kind; but when he thought of himself, he felt, that he was wholly unequal to undertake an office so arduous. 6. Tanto negotio tam instructum oratorem me non agnosco. I cannot speak, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 4:10). The prophets of Israel were the national preachers in religious matters, and their orators in political. Protestants, "Then said I: Ah, Lord God." 6 “Alas, Sovereign Lord,” I said, “I do not know how to speak; I am too young.” 7 But the Lord said to me, “Do not say, ‘I am too young.’ You must go to everyone I send you to and say whatever I command you. (Calmet). Commentary on Jeremiah 1:4-10 View Bible Text . cries out, “I am a child!” The original word. The word אהה, "Ah", or "Ahah", is used in distress and grief, as Kimchi observes; and is expressive of mourning and complaint, as Jarchi notes; and shows that the prophet was troubled and uneasy at his call, and would gladly have been excused on the following account: behold, I cannot speak; or, "I know not how to speak"F18לא ידעתי דבר "uescio loqui", V. L. Munster, Vatablus, Junius & Tremellius; "non novi loqui", Pagninus, Montanus. He takes a surprising amount of … See Exodus 6:30; and Exodus 7:1-2. Jeremiah 1:7-8. Abarbinel supposes that Jeremiah was now twelve or fifteen years of age; but it should seem rather that he was more, perhaps twenty years of age; since he seems to have prophesied to the men of Anathoth before he was sent to Jerusalem, Jeremiah 11:21. Jeremiah's call to the prophetic office. The Targum is, "I know not to prophesy: for I am a child"; meaning either in knowledge and understanding, or in years; not a mere child, but a "junior", as the Septuagint version renders the word; or a "young man", as the Arabic version; so Samuel and Zechariah were young men, when they first ministered in their office, 1 Samuel 3:1. 24 ¶ And it shall come to pass, if ye diligently hearken unto me, saith the LORD, to bring in no burden through the gates of this city on the sabbath day, but hallow the sabbath day, to do no work therein; The disturbed and calamitous state of the nation being compared to wounds and sickness, (see Jeremiah 8:21-22; Jeremiah … 6. Commentary on Jeremiah 19:10-15 (Read Jeremiah 19:10-15) The potter's vessel, after it is hardened, can never be pieced again when it is broken. There is no resistance on Jeremiah‘s part, but he shrinks back alarmed. Jeremiah 15 Commentary | God Corrects the Prophet. After having spoken of his call, the Prophet adds, that he at first refused his office, and he states this for two reasons; first, that he might clear himself from every suspicion of rashness, for we know how much ambition prevails among men, according to what James intimates, that many wish to be teachers, (James 3:1) and there is hardly one who is not anxious to be listened to. They know also the awful responsibility that attaches to the work; and nothing but the authority of God can induce such to undertake it. New International Version (NIV) “They are inflexible, immoveable, fixed, without action or motion, like the trunk of a tree: … In tracing the whole course of Jeremiah’s work, we must never forget the divine constraint by which he entered on them. Jeremiah 15:16. 6.I am a child — Moses said, (Exodus 4:10, margin,) “I am not a man of words;” but Jeremiah, overwhelmed with the greatness of his work, cries out, “I am a child!” The original word, na’ar, ( ,) has more scope of meaning than our word “child,” being in one instance, in plain historical prose, applied to Isaac when he was twenty-eight years old; and yet there is reason to think that Jeremiah was called to the prophetical office at an unusually early age. 6 “Alas, Sovereign Lord,” I said, “I do not know how to speak;(A) I am too young.”(B), 7 But the Lord said to me, “Do not say, ‘I am too young.’ You must go to everyone I send you to and say whatever I command you. From the long duration of his office, from Josiah's time until at least the passing of the Jewish remnant into Egypt after the capture of Jerusalem (Jeremiah 1:2-3; Jeremiah 40:1, etc. Be not afraid of their faces.] Jeremiah was called to prophesy during Josiah's reign. na"ar, a word that elsewhere in the Old Testament describes children through young men; cf. Jeremiah was young, had looked but little abroad into the world, and perhaps did not know, nor could have believed, what abominable idolatries the children of his people were guilty of; but God tells him, that he might know what to level his reproofs against and what to ground his threatenings upon, and that he might himself be satisfied in the equity of the sentence which in … Archbishop Ussher was converted at ten years old, preached early, and so continued to do for sixty years, or nearly so. 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