[250], Minute Maid Park (home of the Astros) and Toyota Center (home of the Rockets), are located in Downtown Houston. [27], All of South Houston is served by South Houston High School. [156] Jordan Blum of the Houston Chronicle stated levels of LGBT acceptance and discrimination varied in 2016 due to some of the region's traditionally conservative culture. Houston and its metropolitan area are served by the Houston Chronicle, its only major daily newspaper with wide distribution. Venues across Houston regularly host local and touring rock, blues, country, dubstep, and Tejano musical acts. The controller's duties are to certify available funds prior to committing such funds and processing disbursements. [82], Though Houston is the largest city in the United States without formal zoning regulations, it has developed similarly to other Sun Belt cities because the city's land use regulations and legal covenants have played a similar role. [248] The Houston Texans are a National Football League expansion team formed in 2002. The "Inner Loop" encompasses a 97-square-mile (250 km2) area which includes Downtown, pre–World War II residential neighborhoods and streetcar suburbs, and newer high-density apartment and townhouse developments. A megachurch, it had 44,800 weekly attendees in 2010, up from 11,000 weekly in 2000. The University of Houston System owns and holds broadcasting licenses to KUHT and KUHF. [273], Murders fell by 37 percent from January to June 2011, compared with the same period in 2010. Houston is considered to be a politically divided city whose balance of power often sways between Republicans and Democrats. The national average was 8.7 percent in 2016. Official records for Houston were kept at the Weather Bureau in downtown from July 1888 to May 1969, and at Intercontinental since June 1969. ", "BBVA Compass Plaza opens new building on Post Oak", "Genesis Laying Down Plans for Newest Uptown Condo Highrise", "Rising Land Costs Boost Houston's Mid-Rise Market", "Living the High Life. The city is crossed by three Interstate highways, Interstate 10, Interstate 45, and Interstate 69 (commonly known as U.S. Route 59), as well as a number of other United States routes and state highways. Located near the Museum District are The Menil Collection, Rothko Chapel, the Moody Center for the Arts and the Byzantine Fresco Chapel Museum. [101] Twenty-first century snow events in Houston include a storm on December 24, 2004, which saw 1 inch (3 cm) of snow accumulate in parts of the metro area,[105] and an event on December 7, 2017, which precipitated 0.7 inches (2 cm) of snowfall. The Grand Prix of Houston, an annual auto race on the IndyCar Series circuit was held on a 1.7-mile temporary street circuit in NRG Park. [46] By December of the same year, Houston-based energy company Enron collapsed into the largest U.S. bankruptcy (at that time), a result of being investigated for off-the-books partnerships that were allegedly used to hide debt and inflate profits. As of 2008 the mayor is Joe Soto. As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 16,983 people from 4,617 households residing in the city. Religious Data, Demographics and Statistics", "Temples of the gods: Houston's religious diversity reflects community", "Major U.S. metropolitan areas differ in their religious profiles", "Megachurches getting bigger; Lakewood quadruples in size since 2000", "Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston statistics", "New converts flocking to ancient church in Houston", "Orthodox Christians part of diverse fabric of Houston faith", "Parishes - Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America", "Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese", "Coptic pope in Houston on first U.S. visit", "Ethiopian believers find strength in Orthodox church", "Alternative Energy in the Houston Region", "Houston Is A Tech City, Just Different Than Austin, Dallas", "Tech giant HP Enterprise moving headquarters from California to Spring, Texas", Houston surpasses New York as top U.S. export market – Houston Business Journal, Houston Passes New York to Become Nation's Top Exporting Metro Area, "United States Pipelines map – Crude Oil (petroleum) pipelines – Natural Gas pipelines – Products pipelines", "Regional Economic Accounts GDP & Personal Income", "Report for selected countries and subjects: Gross domestic product, current prices (USD)", "Study suggests UH degrees are crucial economic factor", "The Economic Impact of Higher Education on Houston: A Case Study of the University of Houston System", 2006 Best Places for Business and Careers, "Houston Foreign Consulate Representation", "International Banks in the Houston Area", "Houston is top U.S. shopping city, per Forbes; New York comes in 23rd due to sales tax, retail space", "Forbes ranks Houston No. [216] Other notable annual events include the Houston Greek Festival,[217] Art Car Parade, the Houston Auto Show, the Houston International Festival,[218] and the Bayou City Art Festival, which is considered to be one of the top five art festivals in the United States. Most Hispanics in South Houston were of Mexican descent. As of 2008 Rick Noriega represents the district. Other tourist attractions include the Galleria (Texas's largest shopping mall, located in the Uptown District), Old Market Square, the Downtown Aquarium, and Sam Houston Race Park. fourth-most populous city in the United States, eighth-most expansive city in the United States, natural disasters in the history of the United States, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston, Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of North America, Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network, List of colleges and universities in Houston, 10 largest institutions of higher learning, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, University of Houston College of Pharmacy, Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County, United States Department of Transportation, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Top 10 Ways to Identify a Native Houstonian", "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2019 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019", "Counties with the Largest Population Gains Since 2010 are in Texas", "The Texas Triangle Megaregion Nears 21 Million Residents", "Promise – and a few fibs – launched this city's destiny", "2010 Port Industry Statistics, American Association of Port Authorities", "Houston Surpasses New York And Los Angeles As The 'Most Diverse In Nation, "Karankawas were among the First Texas Indians Encountered by Europeans", "Houston's Native American Heritage Runs Deep", J.H.W. In addition to developing new streets and single-family housing within a floodplain, a flowing flood-water stream termed a floodway runs through the development area, a most dangerous place to encounter during any future flooding event. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. Houston Bcycle (also known as B-Cycle), a local non-profit, runs the subscription program, supplying bicycles and docking stations, while partnering with other companies to maintain the system. [267] As a result, the city is often a contested area in statewide elections. Houston's total crime rate including violent and nonviolent crimes decreased by 11 percent. This prototype, an early version of the spacecraft that the company hopes will carry humans to … [61] Due to the industrial infrastructure in and around Houston, natural disasters such as Hurricane Harvey have also led to numerous toxic spills and disasters, including the 2017 Arkema plant explosion. The population was 16,983 at the 2010 census. [312] In 2016, another 11.4% of Houstonians carpooled to work, while 3.6% used public transit, 2.1% walked, and 0.5% bicycled. It is the second-largest concentration of theater seats in a Downtown area in the United States. Houston is also one of eight cities to have an XFL team, the Houston Roughnecks. In August 2005, Houston became a shelter to more than 150,000 people from New Orleans, who evacuated from Hurricane Katrina. [30] After the Civil War, Houston businessmen initiated efforts to widen the city's extensive system of bayous so the city could accept more commerce between Downtown and the nearby port of Galveston. [335] Houston City Council approved the Houston Bike Plan in March 2017, at that time entering the plan into the Houston Code of Ordinances. Several private institutions of higher learning are located within the city. [146][147][148] A 2012 Kinder Institute report found that, based on the evenness of population distribution between the four major racial groups in the United States (non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic or Latino, and Asian), Greater Houston was the most ethnically diverse metropolitan area in the United States, ahead of New York City. [337], Houston's bicycle sharing system started service with nineteen stations in May 2012. [277], In the early 1970s, Houston, Pasadena and several coastal towns were the site of the Houston mass murders, which at the time were the deadliest case of serial killing in American history. [157], Before the 1970s, the city's gay bars were spread around Downtown Houston and what is now midtown Houston. Find the perfect hotel within your budget with reviews from real travelers. The top three destinations for exports were Mexico, Canada, and Brazil. LGBT community members were attracted to Montrose as a neighborhood after encountering it while patronizing Art Wren, and they began to gentrify the neighborhood and assist its native inhabitants with property maintenance. According to the 2005 Houston Area Survey, 68 percent of non-Hispanic whites in Harris County are declared or favor Republicans while 89 percent of non-Hispanic blacks in the area are declared or favor Democrats. The address on file for this person is 1808 Houston Blvd, South Houston, TX 77587 in Harris County. Immigrants from Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Ethiopia, India, and other areas have added to Houston's Eastern and Oriental Orthodox population. [346] In early 2007, Bush Intercontinental Airport was named a model "port of entry" for international travelers by U.S. Customs and Border Protection. The South Texas campus is located in bustling downtown Houston, within walking distance of local and federal courthouses, law firms, and some of the nation’s top corporate offices. [101], Houston generally receives ample rainfall, averaging about 49.8 in (1,260 mm) annually based on records between 1981 and 2010. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.8 km2, none of which is covered with water. There were 4,593 households, out of which 47.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.1% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.5% were non-families. In the 2000s, the Baylor College of Medicine was annually considered within the top ten medical schools in the nation; likewise, the MD Anderson Cancer Center had been consistently ranked as one of the top two U.S. hospitals specializing in cancer care by U.S. News & World Report since 1990. [65] Most of Houston is located on the gulf coastal plain, and its vegetation is classified as Western Gulf coastal grasslands while further north, it transitions into a subtropical jungle, the Big Thicket. [342] The four-runway, 1,304-acre (528-hectare) facility is located approximately 7 miles (11 km) southeast of Downtown Houston. It is bordered by the cities of Houston and Pasadena, and geographically located southeast of Houston. The Federal Aviation Administration and the state of Texas selected the Houston Airport System as "Airport of the Year" in 2005, largely due to the implementation of a $3.1 billion airport improvement program for both major airports in Houston.[341]. In the early 2010s, two additional lines—the Green Line, servicing the East End, and the Purple Line, servicing the Third Ward—opened, and the Red Line was extended northward to Northline, bringing the total length of the system to 22.7 miles (36.5 km). According to the 2000 Census, the community has a population of 22,282. [165][166] Historically, Houston has been a center of Protestant Christianity, being part of the Bible Belt. [25], Sections of South Houston west of Old Galveston Road are served by South Houston Intermediate School (South Houston, Grades 7-8). [29], South Houston Police Department front entrance, For a complete listing, see list of cities and towns in Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land MSA, ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties [302] OutSmart is a LGBT magazine in Houston and was ranked "Best Local Magazine" by the Houston Press in 2008. The Houston City Council passed this regulation in 2018 with a vote of 9–7. [5] It is bordered by the cities of Houston and Pasadena, and geographically located southeast of Houston. In 1913 Dumont was incorporated as the city of South Houston. National Weather Service Forecast Office, Houston/Galveston, Texas. The Outlaws play in the Overwatch League and are one of two Texan teams, the other being the Dallas Fuel. Thousands of enslaved black people lived near the city before the American Civil War. In 1937 money was raised to build a structure to house the library; this structure stands in a park next to the current library. [193], The Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metro area's gross domestic product (GDP) in 2016 was $478 billion, making it the sixth-largest of any metropolitan area in the United States and larger than Iran's, Colombia's, or the United Arab Emirates' GDP. The Houston Astros are a Major League Baseball expansion team formed in 1962 (known as the "Colt .45s" until 1965) that won the World Series in 2017 and appeared in both the 2005 and 2019 World Series. [293] The Houston Community College and Lone Star College systems are among the 10 largest institutions of higher learning in the United States. During its recent history, Houston has flooded several times from heavy rainfall, which has been becoming increasingly common. The Astrodome, nicknamed the "Eighth Wonder of the World",[43] opened in 1965 as the world's first indoor domed sports stadium. Aveva Stadium (home of the SaberCats) is located in south Houston. [246], Houston has sports teams for every major professional league except the National Hockey League. [211], Located in the American South, Houston is a diverse city with a large and growing international community. [251] Minute Maid Park is also a retractable-roof stadium. [7] Located in Southeast Texas near Galveston Bay and the Gulf of Mexico, it is the seat of Harris County and the principal city of the Greater Houston metropolitan area, which is the fifth-most populous metropolitan statistical area in the United States and the second-most populous in Texas after the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, with a population of 7,066,141 in 2019. [101] Houston's characteristic subtropical humidity often results in a higher apparent temperature, and summer mornings average over 90% relative humidity. [139] Individuals from two or more races made up 2.1% of the city. [210] Also in 2013, Houston again appeared on Forbes' list of "Best Places for Business and Careers". [149], In 2017, according to the U.S. Census Bureau, non-Hispanic whites made up 24.9% of the population of Houston proper, Hispanics or Latinos 44.5%, Blacks or African Americans 29.9%, and Asian Americans 6.7%. [187] Petroleum products, chemicals, and oil and gas extraction equipment accounted for roughly two-thirds of the metropolitan area's exports last year. The Texas Medical Center is home to a high density of health professions schools, including two medical schools: McGovern Medical School, part of The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, and Baylor College of Medicine, a highly selective private institution. Houston proper began to spread across the region. In 2012, the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land area recorded $110.3 billion in merchandise exports. [270], Houston had 303 homicides in 2015 and 302 homicides in 2016. Though some have blamed the city's low density, urban sprawl, and lack of pedestrian-friendliness on these policies, others have credited the city's land use patterns with providing significant affordable housing,[85] sparing Houston the worst effects of the 2008 real estate crisis. [11], The South Houston Fire Department serves the city. [209][210], In 2013, Houston was identified as the number one U.S. city for job creation by the U.S. Bureau of Statistics after it was not only the first major city to regain all the jobs lost in the preceding economic downturn, but also after the crash, more than two jobs were added for every one lost. [192] Houston is the beginning or end point of numerous oil, gas, and products pipelines. Restaurants, bakeries, traditional-clothing boutiques, and specialty shops can be found in both areas. The company's filing status is listed as Forfeited Existence and its File Number is 0802139946 . [344] The Houston Air Route Traffic Control Center is located at Bush Intercontinental. In 2019, it was announced that HP Enterprises would relocate its global headquarters from California to the Greater Houston area. In 1990 14,207 inhabitants lived in South Houston. [203] The city ranked fourth for highest increase in the local technological innovation over the preceding 15 years, according to Forbes magazine. [91], Centered on Post Oak Boulevard and Westheimer Road, the Uptown District boomed during the 1970s and early 1980s when a collection of midrise office buildings, hotels, and retail developments appeared along Interstate 610 West. [119], Because of Houston's wet season and proximity to the Gulf Coast, the city is prone to flooding from heavy rains; the most notable flooding events include Tropical Storm Allison in 2001 and Hurricane Harvey in 2017, along with most recent Tropical Storm Imelda in 2019. The Rice University Kinder Institute for Urban Research, a think tank, has described Greater Houston as "one of the most ethnically and culturally diverse metropolitan areas in the country". Three loop freeways provide north–south and east–west connectivity between Greater Houston's radial highways. The Houston area is also home to the largest African American community in Texas. [36], Houston is a flat, marshy area where an extensive drainage system has been built. Locations in Houston are generally classified as either being inside or outside the Interstate 610 loop. Other nicknames often used by locals include "Bayou City", "Clutch City", "Crush City", "Magnolia City", "H-Town", and "Culinary Capital of the South". It is the only MLB team to have won pennants in both modern leagues. Within our walls, you’ll find a robust law library, state-of-the art courtrooms, an entire floor dedicated to clinical studies, and dozens of inviting spaces for studying and socializing. [318] A plurality of survey respondents also indicated that traffic congestion was the most significant problem facing the metropolitan area. Individuals from some other race made up 15.69% of the city's population. Houston attracts many touring Broadway acts, concerts, shows, and exhibitions for a variety of interests. As many as 40% of residents refused to leave Galveston Island because they feared the type of traffic problems that had happened after Hurricane Rita. During the American Civil War, Houston served as a headquarters for General John Magruder, who used the city as an organization point for the Battle of Galveston. [325] Downtown and the Texas Medical Center have the highest rates of transit use in the region, largely due to the park and ride system, with nearly 60% of commuters in each district utilizing public transit to get to work. The Theater District is a 17-block area in the center of Downtown Houston that is home to the Bayou Place entertainment complex, restaurants, movies, plazas, and parks. [235][236] Notable facilities include The Museum of Fine Arts, the Houston Museum of Natural Science, the Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, the Station Museum of Contemporary Art, the Holocaust Museum Houston, the Children's Museum of Houston, and the Houston Zoo.[237][238][239]. Houston is also one of the first cities in the world to have a major eSports team represent it, in the form of the Houston Outlaws. In 1967 the city purchased land and a barracks building from Ellington Field; the city then moved the library there, where it remained until 1991. [6] Because of the 1913 incorporation, Houston did not incorporate South Houston's territory into its city limits, while Houston annexed surrounding areas that were unincorporated. [213] Additionally, more than one in five foreign-born residents are from Asia. [97] In 2002, Uptown had more than 23 million square feet (2,100,000 m²) of office space with 16 million square feet (1,500,000 m²) of class A office space.[98]. Greater Houston's freeway system is monitored by Houston TranStar, a partnership of four government agencies which is responsible for providing transportation and emergency management services to the region.[322]. The company, which is based in Houston, hasn't filed to drill a new well in Karnes since 2018. Bayou Bend is a 14-acre (5.7 ha) facility of the Museum of Fine Arts that houses one of America's most prominent collections of decorative art, paintings, and furniture. [303] La Voz de Houston is the Houston Chronicle's Spanish-language newspaper and the largest in the area. Houston also hosts a number of graduate schools in law and healthcare. [320] The Houston region's extensive freeway system handles over 40% of the regional daily vehicle miles traveled (VMT). Some other notable Hip-hop artists from the area include Slim Thug, Paul Wall, Mike Jones, Bun B, Geto Boys, Trae tha Truth, Kirko Bangz, Z-Ro, South Park Mexican, Travis Scott and Megan Thee Stallion.[242]. The largest and longest-running is the annual Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo, held over 20 days from early to late March, and is the largest annual livestock show and rodeo in the world. The company lost no less than $70 billion.[47]. The eastern portion of South Texas is bordered by the Gulf of Mexico. [171] Other prominent Catholic jurisdictions include the Eastern Catholic Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church and Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. Bush Intercontinental is currently United Airlines' second largest hub, behind O'Hare International Airport. [285] The Houston area Catholic schools are operated by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston. About 24% of the population was below the poverty line, including 25.8% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over. [261] The current mayor of Houston is Sylvester Turner, a Democrat elected on a nonpartisan ballot. [13], South Houston is located in District 145 of the Texas House of Representatives. [202], In 2008, Houston received top ranking on Kiplinger's Personal Finance "Best Cities of 2008" list, which ranks cities on their local economy, employment opportunities, reasonable living costs, and quality of life. [133], Houston has a higher proportion of minorities than non-Hispanic whites. [289] The University of Houston–Clear Lake and the University of Houston–Downtown are stand-alone universities within the University of Houston System; they are not branch campuses of the University of Houston. [349], Houston's third municipal airport is Ellington Airport, used by the military, government (including NASA) and general aviation sectors. [71], Houston has four major bayous passing through the city that accept water from the extensive drainage system. [323] The Major Thoroughfare and Freeway Plan, updated annually, establishes the city's street hierarchy, identifies roadways in need of widening, and proposes new roadways in unserved areas. [172], A variety of Eastern and Oriental Orthodox churches can be found in Houston. 1 for paycheck worth", "Houston Is Unstoppable: Why Texas' Juggernaut Is America's #1 Job Creator", "Best Places For Business and Careers – Forbes", "International Representation in Houston", "About the Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo", The Original Greek Festival, Houston, Texas, "AmericanStyle Magazine Readers Name 2005 Top 10 Art Fairs and Festivals", "Houston Is the New Capital of Southern Cool", "The 10 Hottest Foodie Cities in America – and Everything to Eat When You Get There", "THE SEARCH FOR AMERICA'S BEST FOOD CITIES: Houston", "HOUSTON: THE CULINARY CAPITAL OF THE SOUTH", 2006 fall edition of International Quilt Festival attracts 53,546 to Houston, "Central Austin has the makings of a museum district", "Bayou Bend Collections and Gardens, Houston, Texas", "A Place in the Sun – Houston Hip-Hop Takes Over", The Heritage Society: Walk into Houston's Past, Houston botanic garden slowly becoming reality, "Houston Dash first expansion team in NWSL", "All eyes on Houston: New plans to bring rugby franchise, stadium to the Bayou City", "The Start of Something Big: Toyota Center upgrades to Include New Concourse HD TVs, Wi-Fi and Concessions Systems", "Houston Unveils New Football Stadium Renderings", "Houston, we have liftoff for October 2013 event", "IndyCar's coming to town: Houston race slated for 2013 – Houston Chronicle", "Office of the Controller, City of Houston", "Local Government in Texas: Cities, Towns, Counties, and Special Districts", "City Council may grow by two seats, Houston Chronicle", "Aimee Buras, "Clymer Wright, force for Houston term limits, found dead," January 25, 2011", "Houston Is Largest City to Elect Openly Gay Mayor", "Florida is about to ban sanctuary cities. 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