John P. Rafferty writes about Earth processes and the environment. It became the principal high-altitude interceptor used by North Vietnam, and improved versions formed the backbone of Arab air forces through the 1970s. US Military Aircraft Nicknames Compiled by Richard H. Caldwell (Additions from various contributors) * Denotes a nickname used for more than one AC. This name witnessed its peak in the 1880s. The Zero, also called Mitsubishi A6M or Navy Type 0, is a single-seat low-wing monoplane used with great effect by the Japanese during World War II. Its primary armament is a nose-mounted seven-barreled 1.2-inch (30-millimeter) cannon that is an extremely effective “tank killer.” The aircraft has seen service in the Persian Gulf War, the Iraq War, and the Afghanistan War, as well as the war against ISIL. 1 Photographic Reconnaissance Unit RAF, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of aircraft of the Army Air Corps (United Kingdom), "First of four Boeing C-17s is handed over to the UK RAF", "Avionic Upgrades for the RAF's Britten-Norman Islanders", "UK transfers Defender and Islander special mission aircraft from AAC to RAF", "Race through the skies in an RAF Tornado", flightglobal.com - RAF VC10s to make last operational flight, http://www.raf.mod.uk/history/CivilAircraftinWWIIService.cfm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_aircraft_of_the_Royal_Air_Force&oldid=991283440, Articles needing additional references from December 2009, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Torpedo fighter/medium bomber/naval strike/trainer, Twin-engined monoplane flying boat/amphibian, Twin-engined turboshaft twin-rotor helicopter, Bomber/maritime patrol/electronic warfare, Fighter/fighter-bomber/reconnaissance/trainer, Twin-engined monoplane flying boat. One aircraft for training and support with Memorial Flight. Top 20 Military Uniform … There are a total of [ 53 ] individual aircraft entries in the Active USAF Aircraft (2020) category in the Military Factory. 3 Elementary and Reserve Flying Training School (ERFTS), No. 2. The Hurricane was a British single-seat fighter aircraft manufactured by Hawker Aircraft, Ltd., in the 1930s and ’40s. The Bf 109E, the principal German fighter from the invasion of Poland in 1939 through the Battle of Britain (1940–41), had a top speed of 350 miles (570 km) per hour and a ceiling of 36,000 feet (11,000 meters). The Hurricane was numerically the most important British fighter during the critical early stages of World War II, sharing victory laurels with the Supermarine Spitfire in the Battle of Britain (1940–41) and the defense of Malta (1941–42). See also: United States Air Force. We recommend you play your cards close around this individual. 11 Air Observer Navigation School (AONS) at, No. Towed Glider Transport. Return to the Modern Aircraft Index. This joint designation system was introduced by the Department of Defense in 1962, replacing the separate systems of the US Air Force, US Navy, US Marine Corps, US Army, and US Coast Guard. But there are lots of other amazing military planes out there. Mirage is the name for any member of a family of combat aircraft produced by the Dassault-Breguet aeronautics firm of France. This plane has two impressive monikers: the Fighting Biplane 5 and “The Gunbus”. This aircraft is proposed in three main variants, including the F-35A conventional take-off and landing aircraft, F-35B short take-off and vertical landing aircraft, and F-35C carrier-based aircraft. Other countries whose air forces adopted the Mirage III included Brazil, Lebanon, South Africa, Argentina, Pakistan, Spain, Australia, and Switzerland. It originally carried a crew of six, its sole defensive armament being a remotely controlled gun turret in the tail. Recommended Posts. With a new name and a new country, Learjet pumped out 104 aircraft from its facility in Kansas in just two years of production, ending in 1966. US Military Aircraft Nicknames Compiled by Richard H. Caldwell (Additions from various contributors) * Denotes a nickname used for more than one AC. 3. 1. In terms of international sales, the F-16 is the fighter in greatest demand, and it is currently in the air forces of more than 20 countries. A-1 : Skyraider : Spad, Able Dog, Fat Face (A-1E),Sandy: A-3D, EA-3B : Skywarrior: The huge airframe of the B-52 earned it the nickname “Big Ugly Fat Fellow” (BUFF), but it also allowed the plane to be retrofitted with highly sophisticated navigational, weapons-control, and electronic countermeasures systems. Aircraft. Remark: If the Military Aircraft have switched on its transponder A-9– Lockheed 10. 3 Elementary Flying Training School (EFTS) at, No. Admiral: Admiral is the rank of the highest naval officer. U.S. Air Force B-52G with cruise missiles and short-range attack missiles. Fill in the search field next to Aircraft Type button the proper ICAO code Example: For C-130 Hercules use ICAO Code: "C130" 2.1 If you don't know the Aircraft Type ICAO Code check here: NATO Military RUSSIAN Military. The F-16 is 49 feet (15 meters) long and has a wingspan of 31 feet (9.45 meters). On May 1, 1960, a U-2 was shot down over the Soviet Union, precipitating the U-2 Affair, and in 1962, during the Cuban missile crisis, a U-2 took photographs that confirmed the presence of Soviet nuclear-armed missiles in Cuba. The contractors providing the new UK Military Flying Training System will eventually operate 38 fixed wing aircraft and 32 helicopters on the military register, but the aircraft are initially civilian-registered. Strategic intelligence-gathering missions have continued, but the U-2 also has been used for battlefield reconnaissance and surveillance in numerous conflicts and tension spots where the United States has been engaged since the Vietnam War in the 1960s. Air Force Attack Aircraft ... China has built a UFO-like aircraft and it has the Internet buzzing. Many aircraft types have served in the British Royal Air Force since its formation in April … Weaponry includes an 0.8-inch (20-millimeter) rotary cannon as well as attachments under the wings and fuselage for a wide variety of bombs and missiles. 3. Military Aircraft; Air Force Attack Aircraft A-10 'Warthog' Thunderbolt II. The Mirage IIIO(F) and IIIO(A) were versions of the French Dassault Mirage IIIE licensed for production in Australia. Contents. A-8– Curtiss 9. https://www.britannica.com/list/11-of-the-worlds-most-famous-warplanes Aero A.304. A prototype flew in 1955, and the last plane in the series was built in 1989. It is powered by eight jet engines mounted under the wings in four twin pods. Aero A.11. A-4 Falcon– Curtiss 5. List of active United Kingdom military aircraft is a list of military aircraft currently in service … Perhaps the most famous spy plane ever built, the U-2, also known as the Dragon Lady, has been in service since 1956. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Choose a category: Or search by name: A109SP. U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon, with two Sidewinder air-to-air missiles, one 2,000-pound bomb, and an auxiliary fuel tank mounted on each wing. 1925. The service ultimately decides whether to use the name selected by the manufacturer or a different name of its own choice. A-11– Consolidated 12. Though aircraft are assigned official names by their manufacturer, nearly all will earn other titles from those who fly and maintain them due to performance, reliability, safety, or other factors. BAe146. This is a list of military aircraft that are primarily designed for air-to-air combat and thus … Abingdon and Halton Communications Flights, No. Russia still operates more than 50 Tu-95 aircraft as cruise-missile carriers. Dominie was the RAF's name for the Dragon Rapide - impressed examples retained original name, Evaluation only, later impressed. 8 Elementary Flying Training School (EFTS). Swedish History Is Evident in These 14 Buildings. Artificial intelligence helped co-pilot a U-2 "Dragon Lady" spy plane during a test flight Tuesday, the first time artificial intelligence has been used in such a way aboard a US military aircraft. A team under Aleksandr A. Arkhangelsky, longtime associate of company cofounder Andrey Tupolev, designed the Tu-95 (“Bear”), a huge turboprop bomber that first flew in 1954 and became one of the most durable military aircraft ever built and one of the longest-lived aircraft in the Soviet strategic arsenal. For aircraft operated before the merger of the RFC and RNAS in 1918: Captured or interned examples of the following aircraft were at one time flown by either the RAF or more normally by the Royal Aircraft Establishment for evaluation. Popular Posts. A few were delivered to Nationalist China. Aircraft used by the Royal Air Force in support of its efforts in the Schneider Trophy races, and includes aircraft used solely as trainers. Chinook. Fighter planes, military aircraft, both Mig and US-jets, warbirds (from the 1930-1950 era) with pictures and information. Although Allied forces code-named the aircraft “Zeke,” it was generally known as the Zero, a term derived from one of its Japanese names—Reisen Kanjikisen (Type Zero Carrier-Based Fighter Airplane), abbreviated Reisen. Flag images indicative of country of origin. During that period, fuel-injected Daimler-Benz DB601 engines in the 1,000-horsepower range had become available, resulting in the Bf 109E, which was armed with two wing-mounted 0.8-inch (20-mm) automatic cannons and two machine guns in the engine cowling. This is a list of RAF aircraft, including all currently active and retired types listed in alphabetic order by their RAF type name. UK variant completely redesigned from Canadian original and shared few interchangeable parts. The Bayerische Flugzeugwerke 109, also called Me 109, was Nazi Germany’s most important fighter aircraft, both in operational importance and in numbers produced. Below are eleven more aircraft official name and designations along with corresponding nicknames and the reasoning behind them. You Must Have Done Your Homework - Good Job. This craft was first flown in 1956 but subsequently underwent significant development. AH-64E - Apache attack helicopter This list of military aircraft of the United States includes prototype, pre-production, and operational types. During the 20th and 21st centuries, aircraft came to play increasingly important roles in determining the outcome of battles as well as being deterrents to aggression. Go to our Live Tracking Map. Well, You Gave It Your Best Shot. No. It is powered by a single Pratt & Whitney or General Electric turbofan engine, which, with afterburning, can generate 23,000 to 29,000 pounds (102 to 130 kilonewtons) of thrust, accelerating the aircraft to more than twice the speed of sound. The C-47 has gone by many nicknames — “Gooney Bird,” “Dakota” (a riff on Douglas Aircraft Company Transport Aircraft), and “Spooky” among others. For just those aircraft currently in service, see List of active United Kingdom military aircraft. It was commonly referred to as the Me 109 after its designer, Willy Messerschmitt. Either way, there's enough names … Mirage IIIO(A) fighter flown by the Royal Australian Air Force, c. 1980. It was designed by Horikoshi Jiro and was the first carrier-based fighter capable of besting its land-based opponents. F6F Hellcat – Ace Maker, reference to its success in battle. The Jumo-powered Bf 109B, armed with four 0.3-inch (7.92-mm) machine guns, entered service in 1937 and was immediately tested in combat in the Spanish Civil War. AC-130W Stinger II. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). The Fokker D VII aircraft may have made a rather late entry into the war (January 1918) but that doesn’t mean this bird… Battle of Britain Memorial Flight. The B-52 has a wingspan of 185 feet (56 meters) and a length of 160 feet 10.9 inches (49 meters). A look at the most fearsome birds in today's skies. The following Gliders are or were flown by RAF training squadrons: This is a list of historical aircraft of the RAF. Chipmunk. Some names will fit warplanes better, some names will fit commercial planes better, and others might be best for a stunt plane. The 65,000-pound four-engine bomber came equipped with 11 to 13 machine guns and a 9,600-pound bomb payload, characteristics that gave it the military might worthy of its name. Airspeed Oxford. 6 and 7 Anti-Aircraft Co-operation Units (AACU). radio_button_checked3D Model. A-3 Falcon– Curtiss 4. Space cadet . The DH-9A wasn't a variant of the DH-9, but was instead entirely redesigned by Westland. UC-78 Bobcat – Bamboo bomber. A-5 Falcon– Curtiss 6. Army Air Corps aircraft are not included but can be found at List of aircraft of the Army Air Corps. 1. https://www.flyingmag.com/photo-gallery/photos/top-100-airplanes What do these have in common? For aircraft no longer in-service see List of military aircraft of the United States. This includes both domestically developed Japanese designs, licensed variants of foreign designs, and foreign-produced aircraft that served in the military of Japan. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. A-7 – Fokker 8. A/C : Official Nickname : Unofficial Nicknames . 2. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. There it fought with success against Soviet I-16 monoplanes and I-15 biplane fighters, in part because of the Luftwaffe’s pioneering use of interplane radio to control formations in air-to-air combat. It was designed to specifications written in 1937, was first tested in 1939, and was placed in production and in operation in China in 1940. This aircraft uses the most powerful fighter engine ever developed. Interesting Facts About the A-10 Warthog. The names of military aircraft are usually chosen by the manufacturer. The concept was of a flying armed biplane built to destroy other World War I aircraft. The P-51, also called Mustang, is a single-seat single-engine fighter aircraft originally designed and produced by North American Aviation for the British Royal Air Force (RAF) and later adopted by the U.S. Army Air Forces (USAAF). An electronic countermeasures pod is mounted on the centreline. Share your Results: Facebook Twitter VK. The basic version, which entered service in 1958, was a simple low-cost day fighter that was highly maneuverable, easy to maintain, and able to operate from unimproved airfields. Although many of its functions were adopted by high-altitude long-endurance unmanned aerial vehicles, several U-2s are still in service. radio_button_checked3D Model. So the letters stand for the primary function of the aircraft. Trials only, Heavy bomber/reconnaissance/maritime patrol, Bomber/reconnaissance/fighter-bomber/night fighter/target tug, Single-engined pusher flying boat biplane, Air-sea rescue/fleet spotting/communications, Communications/ambulance/search and rescue, Air-sea rescue, fleet spotting and communications, Medium bomber/Maritime patrol/transport/trainer/AEW, Medium bomber/maritime patrol/transport/trainer, No. China has built a UFO-like aircraft and it has the Internet buzzing. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. What a NASA Aircraft Test Looks Like. A/C : Official Nickname : Unofficial Nicknames . Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. After adapting jet propulsion to several piston-engine airframes, Tupolev in 1952 introduced the Tu-16 (“Badger”), a medium-range bomber that featured swept wings and light alloy construction. 1 Air Force; 2 Army; 3 Coast Guard; 4 Marine Corps; 5 Navy; 6 See also; 7 References; 8 External links; Air Force . A10 Thunderbolt There are a total of [ 161 ] WW2 British Aircraft (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. A-10 Shrike– Curtiss 11. From left, A-10 Thunderbolt II, F-86 Sabre, P-38 Lightning, and P-51 Mustang. Fitted with a Plexiglas “bubble” canopy for all-around vision, it flew to a maximum speed of about 440 miles (700 km) per hour, reached an operating ceiling of almost 42,000 feet (12,800 meters), and was armed with six wing-mounted 0.5-inch (12.7-mm) machine guns. One variant of it became a basic interceptor, another a fighter-bomber, and a third a reconnaissance aircraft. Since the 1980s the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has operated modified U-2s, designated ER-2 (for “Earth resources”), for the collection of data on the atmosphere, Earth, and celestial phenomena. Designed around a 1,200-horsepower, 12-cylinder in-line Rolls-Royce engine soon to be dubbed the Merlin, the Hurricane was an evolutionary development of earlier Camm designs, notably the Fury biplane fighter. For a list of the current aircraft used by the RAF, see. Aircraft Nicknames Aardvark General Dynamics F-111 Able Dog Douglas AD Skyraider Aerobee Aerojet General X-8 All Three Dead Douglas A3D Skywarrier Aluminium Overcast Convair B-36 Peacemaker Aluminium Overcast Lockheed C-5 Galaxy Aluminium Overcast Douglas C-124 Globemaster Angel Lockheed U-2 Ass-Ender Curtiss Been produced in significant numbers aircraft was the RAF 's active aircraft and where and how we use.! The u.s. Air Force A-10 Thunderbolt II, F-86 Sabre, P-38 Lightning, and improved versions the! 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