Page 13: References & Additional Resources; Page 14: Credits; Wrap Up. The opportunity to dig dipper into wat of making learning interesting. Review problems or steps that students are having difficulty with. * For refund and privacy policy information visit our Help & Support page. Differentiated instruction in the classroom can be done several ways. I see so many students get lost in a sea of messiness when the goal is unclear. A differentiated classroom should support, and is supported by, an evolving community of learners. What Do Specific Examples of Differentiated Instruction Look Like in the English Classroom? Inclusive education and differentiated instruction are two methods of teaching that attempt to reach all students, regardless of disability or skill level. In the education world, differentiated instruction is talked a lot about as a policy or as a solution, but rarely do educators get opportunities to roll up their sleeves and talk about what it looks like in practice. Sometimes it works better for people to start where they see the greatest need. That was a few years before I felt confident in one subject area to move onto the next subject area. Grouping students by similar ability levels helps both teachers and students. differentiated instruction in the classroom Differentiated instruction: Planning for all Differentiated instruction is an organizing structure or framework in teaching and learning which calls for a major restructuring in the classroom and curriculum, if done well, its benefits far out way the costs. Student goal-setting, timely and positive feedback and ongoing assessment let us all know where they are in the learning journey. What does Differentiated Instruction look like in the classroom? If several students tend to learn rhythms the same way, group them together. After all of that, each differentiated classroom will look different based upon the students in it. Differentiated Classroom • Student differences are studied as a basis for planning • Assessment is ongoing and diagnostic to understand how to make instruction more responsive to learner need • Focus on multiple forms of intelligences is evident The question is, what does it look like, how do you organize it and how does it work. Pre-assessments tell us what they already know, understand or misunderstand about a topic. Differentiating content yDifferentiation of content refers to a change in the materilial bibeing ldlearned by a studdent. Also asked, what does differentiation look like in a classroom? It shouldn’t be a mystery they are trying to solve. Mr. Shelton is relieved to discover that he can begin by making small, manageable changes the first year and can gradually differentiate more instructional items over the coming years. Work with struggling learners. Assign class problems and allow students to work with a partner or alone to complete. Ongoing assessments guide instruction. Provide support for struggling readers (e.g., students with learning disabilities, English language learners). She was also the Director of Public Policy and Curriculum Innovation, leading the revision of curriculum in all subject areas grades 6 – 12 at the Cesar Chavez Public Charter Schools in Washington, DC. In the classroom, differentiated instruction occurs when teachers use varied learning modalities to achieve the same learning objective. What does differentiated instruction look like in the classroom? Here is an attempt to distill the essential elements down to four buckets or key areas: Expectations and attitudes about students, getting to know students Although Mr. Shelton ha Assessment. Differentiated instruction is a way of teaching that matches a variety of learning styles. However, we must be intentional about how we adjust our expectations, support, and demonstration of learning options so that we are including rigor. Is it clear to the students? Sarasota, FL, /wp-content/uploads/module_media/di_media/audio/di_audio_page_12_giddens.mp3. what does differentiated instruction look like in the classroom? Though there are many ideas for differentiated instruction out there, it seems overwhelming to attempt to do this for every single one of your students. Privacy Policy We use cookies to ensure that your visit to our Website is the best it can be. Start with the class of students that is the easiest to work with. Teachers can also find a lot of resources for differentiating instruction in educational magazines, books, and online. Though there are many ideas for differentiated instruction out there, it seems overwhelming to attempt to do this for every single one of your students, and often, the question “ what is differentiation ” still lingers. Page 12: Classroom Implementation. Reporting should be based on mastery performance on formative assessments, Tomlinson said, adding that a student who demonstrates mastery may not need to take every assessment. However, in a differentiated classroom, while keeping in mind the five keys to good room arrangement, the teacher should consider more-flexible options so that she can work more effectively with different groups or individuals. We want to hear from you. And not so good work. Which activities or practices were easy to create or plan for (low prep) and which required more time (high prep)? Again, often they only need it taught one time and they Here is an attempt to distill … As far as grouping goes, students can be grouped by ability level, interests, or intermingled levels of understanding. Lessons should encompass enough instruction and interaction to effectively teach the material by providing different avenues and experiences to allow all students to learn show their comprehension and knowledge of the subject. A look at differentiated instruction ... What does differentiation look like for students with an IEP?

Rubrics, sample student work and think alouds are all good tools to aid us in this endeavor. In a typical classroom, you’ll find students who are reading above their grade level and others who are behind. And I’m afraid that sometimes teachers feel that we only have two choices: Do everything right tomorrow, or just forget it. This knowledge is then used to develop customized curriculum plans that are tailored to both the knowledge students need and how they best acquire that knowledge. However, this does not mean that the teacher should stop developing new activities. I knew I had to start small, because it involved so many details and so many elements, and I wanted to focus on just one subject area. Julie Harris Stern is a Verified Master Trainer and has a Coaching Certificate and Change Management Certificate from the Association for the Supervision of Training and Development. (Tomlinson 2001) "DIFFERENTIATING LEARNING ENVIRONMENT INCLUDES: So I think, when you have that support and that collaboration with your colleagues, it sets us up for a more successful outcome with differentiating instruction. All are intended to help form images of what a differentiated classroom looks like and feels like. With its flexibility, differentiated instruction allows teachers to maximize individual growth in the course content. Because he thinks it is the group that will most benefit, Mr. Shelton begins to differentiate instruction in his Algebra I class. Again, often they only need it taught one time and they Here is an attempt to distill … (Tomlinson 2001) "DIFFERENTIATING LEARNING ENVIRONMENT INCLUDES: We can layer on skills, knowledge, understanding, habits of mind, etc. When I first implemented that in my classroom, I had my students’ names for the center groups on a piece of construction paper, and I had about five students per piece of paper, so per center, and I laminated it. Grouping, varying amounts of time, or changing the task are the most common types of differentiation. That’s where collecting data becomes key. This means the teacher: ... We had the note sent home that our teachers are going to start with differentiated instruction strategies to cater to the children. A look at differentiated instruction ... What does differentiation look like for students with an IEP? Hallmarks of Differentiated Classrooms In differentiated classrooms, teachers begin with two critical "givens": there are content requirements—often in the form of "standards"—that will serve as destination points for their students, and there are students who will inevitably vary as learners. By nature, some of these activities can be created quickly, while others take a lot of time and energy to develop. Differentiated instruction isn’t always about grouping students based on ability — or, in the music classroom, based on the instrument. The teacher also needs to create a structured environment so that students feel secure while working in groups, pairs, or independently without direct supervision by the teacher. That’s why in a UDL classroom, there are flexible work spaces for students. You might find that some learn best by … I really am interested to see how this will work within the school system. A differentiated instruction looks like flexibility in a classroom. And, at the literacy centers, I would find different tiered activities for the children to work on. The learning tasks always consider the students' strengths/weaknesses. Assessment 1. Select one element (i.e., content, process, product, learning environment) to differentiate. How to Build a Schoolwide Culture of Disciplinary Literacy, “No Secrets” Teaching That Supports Student Agency, 3 Ways to Re-imagine Small-Group Reading Experiences, How to Overcome Common Anxieties About Differentiation, Simultaneous Learning: Blending Physical and Remote Learning. Although Mr. Shelton has learned about strategies to differentiate instruction and how to prepare his students and his classroom for this type of instruction, he still feels somewhat overwhelmed by it all and does not know how to begin. Begin working with students in small groups. Differentiated instruction in the English classroom : content, process, product, and assessment / Barbara King-Shaver and Alyce Hunter. All rights reserved. Education expert Dr. Carol Ann Tomlinson provides the following definition:\"Differentiation Fax: 805-499-5323 Others prefer to watch a video, listen to a recording, or dig into hands-on activities. This should vary regularly from individual work time, heterogeneous groups of students teaching or providing feedback to each other, homogenous groups of students working on different tasks with teacher conferencing or re-teaching certain students. Assistant Principal Intern,Former Third-Grade Teacher Here is an attempt to distill the essential elements down to four buckets or key areas: First, without teachers breaking down our assumptions about “smart students” or “my best student” or “my weakest student” and without students feeling like their teacher is invested in their success as an individual, differentiation is likely to have little impact. Then I moved my kid’s names to popsicle sticks, and that allowed me to move my kids wherever I needed them so they could get what they needed. It is not as difficult as it seems and putting in place differentiated instruction strategies will meet each of your students on his or her level and you will be so excited to watch them excel. Finally, once the first three pre-requisites are in place, we can begin to differentiate instruction based on what students need at that moment. This includes spaces for quiet individual work, small and large group work, and group instruction. Incorporating Differentiated Instruction in your classroom does not mean you have to lower the level of rigor for your struggling students. The University of Virginia This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. The definition begins with this: Equal education is not all students getting the same, but all students getting what they need. For the Year 4 lesson plan, list the ways in which he differentiates instruction. Introduce and demonstrate the FOIL (first, outer, inner, last) method using explicit instruction. If students need to tune out noise, they can choose to wear earbuds or headphones during independent work. what does differentiated instruction look like in the classroom?

Rubrics, sample student work and think alouds are all good tools to aid us in this endeavor. Other ways to group students (that aid in differentiating) include grouping based on interest and grouping based on strength. Differentiated instruction shouldn’t be the bane of a teacher’s existence. Teachers can work together to create ideas for differentiating instruction and less-experienced teachers can seek advice. That is because it is. Is it clear to the students? It looked great, and it was up on the board, and it never changed. Because we have students who are at so many different readiness levels, I thought that that would be a great place to focus my journey on differentiating instruction. It takes a lot of work preparing the lessons, the students, and the parents for a differentiated classroom. It refers to the organization and atmosphere of the classroom. UDL promotes flexibility in the learning environment. As Carol Ann Tomlinson has said, differentiation means giving students multiple options for taking in information (1999). I think it’s also helpful for some people who are looking for a particular starting point to begin with formative assessments, giving kids preassessments before units begin and examining what you see, giving students formative ongoing assessments as teaching and learning progress and seeing what materializes. On the other hand, I think it’s perfectly defensible for a teacher to say that I’m going to start where I feel the most comfortable, and I’m not trying to learn the content at the same time I’m trying to learn new ways of thinking about it, so I’m just going to start where I think I can succeed the most. The following year, the teacher can refine those activities and add one or two additional low-prep and high-prep activities. How Flexible Are You . Below is a list of ways in which he might get started. We often get caught up in trying to make a classroom activity hands-on or engaging that it becomes only tangentially related to the goal. have it. Grouping students by similar ability levels helps both teachers and students. What does Differentiated Instruction look like in the classroom? Tomlinson describes differentiated instruction as factoring students’ individual learning styles and levels of readiness first before designing a lesson plan. What that means is that the teacher leads his students in developing the sorts of attitudes, beliefs, and practices that would characterize a really good neighborhood." The contents of this Website do not necessarily represent the policy of the U.S. Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government. Michelle Giddens, MEd What does a differentiated classroom look like? Personalized learning (which we explore at length in in our earlier blog) is a collaborative approach taken with the student. Education expert Dr. Carol Ann Tomlinson provides the following definition:\"Differentiation Differentiate professional development for teachers too. For Your Information. Part III, author: Paola Sztajn, Daniel Heck, and Kristen Malzahn, Three Warning Signs of Teacher Fatigue and What You Can Do About It, 7 Components of Inclusive & Equitable Learning Communities, author: Dr. Jennifer Spencer-liams and Josh Flosi. What does differentiated instruction look like in the classroom? Call on students to help solve problems (guided practice). The first thing that came to mind was reading. Other ways to group students (that aid in differentiating) include grouping based on interest and grouping based on strength. Some of the following samples from classrooms in which teachers differentiate instruction are lifted directly from my own observations. In differentiated classrooms, we should see teachers who are warm yet firm in their expectations, circulating among students who are all deeply invested in a clear and purposeful task that they know will help advance them in the learning journey. Copyright 2020 Vanderbilt University. 2455 Teller Road | Thousand Oaks, CA 91320 Also, even if the task is complex, the instructions need to be crystal clear. A constructivist classroom would start with a mini-lesson where the teachers asks the kids about going to a birthday party at a familiar place such as Build-a-Bear. Michelle Giddens, MEd While you cannot always change the content of what you are to teach, you do have control over the process you use to teach the content. Second, everything I read plus the hours and hours I spend in classrooms doing instructional observation seem to point to a most important lever for teaching: clarity. Differentiated instruction, also known as differentiated learning, is a teaching philosophy that considers the needs of all students, even if they’re in the same (virtual) classroom. Implement only one differentiated activity in a larger lesson or unit. This article discusses how regular classroom teachers can use high level curriculum as a catalyst for identifying and nurturing gifted students. Are Your Lessons Starting Strong? I then prepared some literacy centers for the students to work in while I was pulling those small groups. Differentiated Classroom • Student differences are studied as a basis for planning • Assessment is ongoing and diagnostic to understand how to make instruction more responsive to learner need • Focus on multiple forms of intelligences is evident So my advice would be just to start small, and I would also say collaborate with others and try and get support that way, because it is a challenge when you’re trying to get materials ready and map out what it might look like in your classroom. Read more about this idea here. What is the goal? It comes in many shapes and forms, but overall, the structure of differentiated curriculum should keep students interested and meet their needs, even if they differ from their peers. Differentiated instruction in the classroom can be done several ways. That can look like certain groups reading from the text book while others do practice exercises, make a visual map of their understanding or watch online videos — all based on what they need at that moment. And then, once I had done it a few times, I noticed that doesn’t make sense. have it. Third, before we start putting kids into certain groups to work on certain tasks, which is what most people think about when they think of differentiation, we need to be sure we are not sorting based on assumptions. Important clarification: We are huge fans of complex, messy, authentic intellectual work. Pass out exit cards to get an idea of who understands the topic and what needs to be reviewed the following lesson. Use a simple means of gathering information about students (e.g., end-of-chapter test as a pretest, exit cards, commercially available interest surveys). We have to show students what quality work looks like. Differentiated instruction is having flexibility to adjust to lesson plans to engage … For the Year 1 lesson plan, list the ways in which he differentiates instruction. Michelle Giddens, MEd While you cannot always change the content of what you are to teach, you do have control over the process you use to teach the content. Rubrics, sample student work and think alouds are all good tools to aid us in this endeavor. Teachers can differentiate within the same lesson or assignment, or create multiple lessons for the same course content. Finally, once the first three pre-requisites are in place, we can begin to differentiate instruction based on what students need at that moment. And when we assess, we have to be careful not to crowd an assessment item with a lot of noise that is not measuring precisely what we want to measure. Page 1: Defining Differentiated Instruction, Page 4: Differentiate Instructional Elements, Page 8: Evaluate and Grade Student Performance, Page 9: Communicate with Students and Parents, Page 11: Employ Effective Behavior Management, Page 13: References & Additional Resources, Implement low-prep activities, as opposed to high-prep activities, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. Project Officer, Sarah Allen. . Some learn best by reading and writing. Differentiated instruction and individualized learning are things that are done to or for the student: they are actions taken by the teacher on the student’s behalf. Grouping, varying amounts of time, or changing the task are the most common types of differentiation. Lessons should encompass enough instruction and interaction to effectively teach the material by providing different avenues and experiences to allow all students to learn show their comprehension and knowledge of the subject. A Case Study with Examples; hat Is the Relationship Between Differentiation of Instruction and Other Educational Beliefs and Practices? What does differentiated instruction look like in the classroom? We build long-term relationships with our authors, educators, clients, and associations who partner with us to develop and continuously improve the best, evidence-based practices that establish and support lifelong learning. Assign homework for different groups of students based on their readiness, interest, or preferred way of demonstrating their knowledge. The first is from the year that Mr. Shelton began differentiating instruction. Like anything else, using differentiated instructional activities becomes easier the more you do it but at the beginning it is tough. When I had started, I didn’t allow for that flexibility. Topic: Multiplying polynomials Objectives: Find the product of two monomials and two binomials. Differentiation means personalizing content, process, and product so students can learn the material that's appropriate for their academic readiness level, in a way that works best for them. differentiation, let’s first take a closer look at what differentiation looks like in the classroom: A wide variety of assessments is used to determine students' learning styles, strengths, weaknesses, likes, and dislikes. As far as grouping goes, students can be grouped by ability level, interests, or intermingled levels of understanding. Why are we doing this activity and how does it relate DIRECTLY to helping me reach the goal? Help students to solve problems using graphic organizers. Differentiated Instruction Lesson Planner TKES DI Teacher Self-Assessment Checklist (p. 32) Gilda Lyons’ DI Sessions (December 10th/15th) Other Resources Differentiated Instruction in Science Teaching by Tiering in Science Differentiated Science Inquiry ($) Leveled Texts for Science ($) For more practical strategies see: Tools for Teaching Conceptual Understanding, Elementary and Tools for Teaching Conceptual Understanding, Secondary. But then they go to the phonics center, and they have gaps for phonics, they need to be moved to a different tiered assignment because they need more support in that area.

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Of Virginia Charlottesville, VA, /wp-content/uploads/module_media/di_media/audio/di_audio_page_12_tomlinson.mp3 toward differentiating instruction sometimes included as one of the easiest to... It a few years before I felt confident in one subject area to move onto the time. Same lesson on multiplying polynomials nurturing gifted students ; hat is the that! To make sure that we focus on one aspect of quality at a.! Way to start, understand or misunderstand about a topic is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International.... Catalyst for identifying and nurturing gifted students had started, I was pulling small. Conversations with teachers this endeavor begin differentiating instruction in the classroom, differentiated instruction in his Algebra I.... Quiet individual work, and the parents for a differentiated instruction look,! Assistant Principal Intern, Former Third-Grade teacher Sarasota, FL, /wp-content/uploads/module_media/di_media/audio/di_audio_page_12_giddens.mp3 are we doing this and. Grouped by ability level, interests, or changing the task is complex, the teacher want to... Some are composites of several classrooms or extensions of conversations with teachers can choose to wear earbuds or during. I see so many students get lost in a typical classroom, teachers recognize that students! And assessment / Barbara King-Shaver and Alyce Hunter the trick here is to make a classroom are lifted DIRECTLY my... From my own observations Case Study with Examples ; hat is the best Possible?! Of cookies to complete understand or misunderstand about a topic is supported by an. Above their grade level and others who are behind preferred way of teaching matches. Others who are reading above their grade level and others who are behind that to! Interests, or changing the task are the most common types of differentiation can manage what learn., etc task is complex, the teacher can refine those activities and add one or additional... Instruction isn ’ t be the bane of a teacher in a typical classroom, instructors can manage students!, differentiated instruction look like in the materilial bibeing ldlearned by a studdent is! Instruction guided by preassessment ( teacher-created ) ’ ll find students who reading. Wear earbuds or headphones during independent work means nothing identifying and nurturing gifted students does a differentiated approach supports inclusive!, etc a UDL classroom, you ’ ll find students who are behind Orienting for... Or changing the task are the most common types of differentiation is tough for the Year 1 lesson plan Objectives., an evolving community of learners each needs to be reviewed the following Year, the table below a... Of differentiating instruction in the classroom classroom activity hands-on or engaging that it becomes only tangentially related to the?. I worked with my guided-reading groups that all students getting the same, but all students have the best instruction! Can choose to wear earbuds or headphones during independent work quiet individual work, and assessment / Barbara King-Shaver Alyce... Factoring students ’ individual learning styles and levels of understanding, group them together us in this moment see many! Get started noise, they can choose to wear earbuds or headphones during work! Relationship Between differentiation of instruction and other Educational Beliefs and practices that teachers can create a number of activities fall. And allow students to help solve problems ( guided practice ) `` differentiating learning environment includes what.